sports medicine quiz two

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pulse normal ranges
adult: 60-80 child: 80-100 infant: 100-120
name of neck artery
carotid artery
name of wrist artery
radial artery
name of upper arm artery
brachial artery
name of foot artery
dorsal pedal pulse
why shouldn't you take someones pulse with your thumb
you will feel your own heart beat
formula for finding BPM
15 seconds: beats x 4
respiration normal ranges
adult: 12-20 child: 20-25
normal BP range
formula for BP
the pressure when the heart contracts, pumps blood
pressure when the heart relaxes, fills with blood
normal temperature range for oral temp
normal temperature range for rectal temp
what is the most accurate way to take temp and why
rectal, most invasive and close to the core
normal temp for axillary temp
how to check skin color for non white people
inner lip, gums, fingernail beds
white/pale color indicates
fright, heat exhaustion
red skin color indicates
heat stroke, high BP
blue skin color indicates
poor circulation/oxygenated blood
blue skin color is called
PEARL stands for
pupils equal and reactive to light
AVPU stands for
alert verbal pain unresponsive
AROM stands for
active range of motion, athlete moves on their own
pain with AROM indicates
muscle injury
PROM stands for
passive range of motion, examiner moves the body part for the athlete
pain with PROM indicates
ligament or joint injury
RROM stands for
Resistive range of motion, athlete moves against resistance
pain with RROM indicates
muscle injury but still strong
point the foot
foot is flexed upwards
foot and toes pointing inwards
foot and toes pointing outwards
extension of the knee
straightening of the knee
flexion of the knee
bending of the knee
flexion of the hip
knee to chest
extension of the hip
knee behind the body
abduction of the hip
the movement of the leg away from the midline of the body
adduction of the hip
the movement of the leg toward the midline of the body
internal rotation of the hip
rotation of the femur toward the midline
external rotation of the hip
rotation of the femur away from the midline of the body
SOAP stands for
clinical treatment: subjective, objective, assessment, plan
HOPS stands for
sideline evaluation: history, observation, palpation, special test
palpation is
touching or feeling
PRICES stands for
protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation, support
how should you always wrap injuries (direction)
distal to proximal
primary survey
life threatening injuries: consciousness, airways, breathing circulation
patient position when splinting
keep the injury as it was found
4 types of splints
fixation, vacuum, pneumatic, traction
what is the most common splint
fixation splint
which splint requires advanced medical training
traction splint
what should you do before and after splinting and wrapping
check PMS and capillary refill
spine boarding steps
primary survey/call 911, assign positions, captain locks in, cross limbs, 321 roll, slide board under, 321 roll, center, strap, c collar, PMS, lift