typically complex, discusses intangible qualities like good and evil, and seldom uses examples to support its points
Dry and theoretical writing
the stressed portion of a word. Often a matter of opinion in poetry
Appealing to the senses. Synonymous with artistic judgement. Plural form is study of beauty
a story where each aspect has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
something out of place in time
A comparison of two different things that are symbolic in some way
a short narrative
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
When inanimate objects are given human characteristics. Often confused with personification.
when an action produces far smaller results than one had been led to expect
A protagonist (main character) who is markedly unheroic: morally weak, cowardly, dishonest, or any number of other unsavory qualities.
A short and usually witty saying
A figure of speech wherein the speaker talks directly to something that is nonhuman
The use of deliberately old-fashioned language. Used to give feeling of antiquity
A speech (usually just a short comment) made by an actor to the audience, as though momentarily stepping outside of the action on stage.
A trait or characteristic
The repeated use of vowel sounds
The emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene
a long, narrative poem, usually in very regular meter and rhyme. Has a naive folksy quality which separates it from epic poetry
When the writing of a scene evokes feelings of dignified pity and sympathy, pathos is at work. When writing strains for grandeur it can't support and tries to jerk tears from every little hiccup, that's bathos.
The use of disturbing themes in comedy.
This is pretentious, exaggeratedly learned language.
a broad parody, one that takes a style or a form such as tragic drama and exaggerates it into ridiculousness. Interchangeable with parody.
deliberately harsh, awkward sounds
the beat or rhythm of poetry in a general sense
The name for a section division in a long work of poetry. Similar to how chapters divide a book.
A portrait (verbal or otherwise) that exaggerates a facet of personality.
A term used by Aristotle to describe some sort of emotional release experienced by the audience at the end of a successful tragedy
the group of citizens who stand outside the main action on stage and comment on it
Typical, or an accepted masterpiece. Don't confuse with classical
A new word, usually one invented on the spot.
A word or phrase used in everyday conversational English that isn't a part of accepted "school-book" English.
Suggesting that there is more than one possibility in the meaning of words; subtleties and variations; multiple layers of interpretation; meaning both explicit and implicit
Conceit (Controlling Image)
A startling or unusual metaphor, or to a metaphor developed and expanded upon several lines.
The denotation of a word is its dictionary definition. The connotation of a word is its emotional content.