Chapter 18: The Victorians Make the Modern

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

Scientifically backed study method

spaced repetition


Review terms and definitions



Study with MC, T/F, and other questions


Practice Test

Take a test on your terms and definitions



50 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (50)
P.T. Barnum
Which figure was a major proponent of commercial domesticity in the nineteenth century?
They offered tearooms and attentive services.
How did the large department stores of the nineteenth century attract middle-class women patrons?
Working-class women gained access as clerks, cashiers, and store messengers.
How did working-class women gain access to the fine department stores in the United States in the nineteenth century?
Modern and innovative
Which of the following describes the consumer culture that emerged in the late-nineteenth and early twentieth-century?
Plessy v. Ferguson
Which late-nineteenth-century U.S. Supreme Court rulings settled the question of African American's access to first-class seats on American railroad cars until the 1950s?
Urban life and work
Which of the following phenomena spurred changes in Americans' understanding of masculinity in the late nineteenth century?
The YMCA prompted "muscular Christianity" for white-collar workers.
The growth of the YMCA in the late-nineteenth-century American cities resulted from which of the following factors?
Adjust to the demands of the industrial clock.
By the early 1900s, many business leaders encouraged their male workers to participate in sports to?
Which of the following sports was invented by YMCA instructors in the 1890s?
Professional teams were started in dozens of cities as part of the National League.
How did baseball become America's most popular game?
The game was a wholesome way to promote discipline and teamwork.
Which of the following was a reason American businesses embraced baseball in the late nineteenth century?
College football.
Which sport was the most controversial in the late 1800s?
The middle-class "new woman"- public spirited and athletic.
The Gibson Girl of the 1890s personified which of the following female images?
In which of the following athletic activities were elite women in their twenties likely to participate?
As the United Stated industrialized, the outdoors lost its association with danger and hard work and became newly associated with?
Sierra Club- founded by John Muir to preserve the environment
Which of the following acts, clubs, or society is match correctly?
Leisure became a commercial commodity enjoyed outside the home.
Which of the following statements characterizes urban leisure in post- Civil War America?
importance of women's autonomy in modern society.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton's speech to Congress in 1892 on the "solitude of self" referred to the?
Family size continued its steady decline because middle-class children in cities were not needed for work.
Which of the following statements characterizes family life in the late 1800s?
Three children.
The typical American middle-class household in 1900 consisted of husband, wife, and how many additional family members?
Smaller family sizes allowed parents to focus their resources and increase their social mobility.
Which of the following was true for middle-class families in the late nineteenth century?
Prohibited the circulation of any information about sex and birth control.
The Comstock Act took effect in 1873 and?
A high school education became more common.
Which of the following statements characterizes changes in the lives of middle-class American children in the last decades of the nineteenth century?
The public university system expanded.
Why did the rate of college attendance quadruple between the 1880s and the 1920s?
He promoted industrial education for blacks as a strategy for lessening white prejudice.
Which of the following statements summarizes Booker T. Washington's approach to racial change in the United States?
Mostly at single-sex institutions in the Northeast and South.
Between 1880 and 1920, higher education for women was?
It supported woman suffrage as a tool that could challenge the liquor interest.
Which of the following describes the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) in the late nineteenth century?
Identify and fight against domestic violence.
The Women's Christian Temperance Movement (WCTU) was the first national movement to?
German immigrants.
Which of the following groups would have been unlikely to support prohibition in the late nineteenth century?
Prohibition Party.
In 1880s, the Women's Christian Temperance Movement (WCTU) controversially threw its support behind the?
Which region of the United States had responded to the women's voting rights movement by 1900?
Focused its attention on community issues such as public health.
The National Association of Colored Women was effective in its efforts to improve the life of African Americans because it?
To promote the "Lost Cause" of the South in the Civil War.
Why was the United Daughters of the Confederacy founded in 1894?
If granted the right to vote, women might cancel husband's votes.
What did the term petticoat rule mean when it was used by antisuffragists in the early twentieth century?
Not to be orthodox in her opinions.
The Heterodoxy Club, founded in Greenwich Village in 1912, was open to any woman who pledged?
Millionaires were the fittest Americans.
In the late nineteenth century, Social Darwinists, such as William Graham Sumner, believed that?
Eugenics laws
Which of these concepts followed directly from the philosophy of Social Darwinism?
Animals and plants adapt to better suit their environment through natural selection.
Which of the following statements describes Charles Darwin's theories as presented in his book, On the Origin of Species?
Stephen Crane.
Which of the following authors rejected romanticism and Victorian sentimentality in their works?
Mark Twain—A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.
Which of the following authors is correctly matched with one of his works?
Romanticism, realism, naturalism, modernism.
Which of the following is the correct chronological order of the literary movements in the United States during the late 1800s and early 1900s?
Both forms emphasized virility and masculinity.
Realism and modernism had which of the following characteristics in common?
Irish Americans.
In the late nineteenth century, the American Catholic hierarchy was dominated by
The Catholic Church incorporated ethnic differences in urban areas.
Which of the following is true of religion in the city at the turn of the twentieth century?
Reform Judaism.
In the late nineteenth century, many native-born, prosperous American Jews embraced?
By 1916, which of the following religious groups had increased immensely in the United States because of immigration?
Of the nine thousand overseas Protestant missionaries in 1915, the largest percentage of them served in?
Oppose the influence of Catholics in the United States.
Iowans created the American Protective Organization in 1887 to?
Taught that Christians should fight for social justice and the public welfare.
Protestant churches that espoused the Social Gospel?
The fundamentalism movement.
The urban revivalism of Billy Sunday represented?