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One of a pair of genes that determine a specific trait
A structure located in the nucleus of a cell, made of DNA, that contains the genetic information needed to carry out cell functions and make a new cell
Deoxyribonucleic acid; the material found in a cell's nucleus, that determines the genetic traits of the organism
In a pair of alleles, the one that, if present, determines the trait
Segment of DNA, found on a chromosome, that determines the inheritance of a particular trait
That which is generated or brought forth; offspring
The study of how traits are passed from parent to offspring
The set of genes carried by an organism
Father of genetics who conducted pea plant experiments to determine how traits were passed from one generation to the next.
The passage of genetic instruction from one generation to the next generation
Hybrid or heterozygous
Refers to an organism that carries two different alleles for the same trait
New organism produced by a living thing.
The physical appearance of an organism
Pure breed or homozygous
Refers to an organism that carries two dominant or two recessive alleles for a given trait
In a pair of alleles, the one that is masked in a dominant allele is present
The intentional breeding of organisms with desirable traits in an attempt to produce offspring with similar desirable characteristics or with improved traits.
A diagram that is used to predict an outcome of a particular cross or breeding experiment.
a cross between organisms with two different phenotypes produces offspring with a third phenotype in which both of the parental traits appear together
a cross between organisms with two different phenotypes produces offspring with a third phenotype that is a blending of the parental traits