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Metabolism+Molcules

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43 Terms
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Metabolism
Living organisms that control their composition by a complex web or chemical reactions
Fatty Acid Structure
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Amino Acid Structure
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Monosaccharide/Glucose Structure
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Anabolic reactions; Condensation
Build molecules; water comes out
Catabolic reaction; hydrolysis
Break down molecules (cause cats rip); water goes in (cause cats drink)
Enzyme
A globular protein which acts as a catalyst for biochemical reactions
‚Äú‚Ķase‚ÄĚ
Suffix for a type of enzyme
‚Äú‚Ķose‚ÄĚ
Suffix for a type of sugar
substrate
the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme
Active Site
Region on the surface of an enzyme where the substrate fits
Lactase
Breaks lactose into galactose and glucose
Catalase
Breaks hydroxide into water and oxygen
Protease
Breaks down proteins into amino acids (general term for a protein enzyme)
Denatured Protein
Does not normally return to its former structure aka a sad out-of-a-job enzyme
Carbohydrates
Sugar molecules
Monosaccharide
A sugar molecule/carbohydrate with 1 ring
Polysaccharide
Sugar molecules/carbohydrates with many rings
Fatty Acid
A monomer of a Lipid
Glucose
A monomer of a Carbohydrate and Starch
Macromolecules
Large organic molecules, made up of monomers
Saturated Fatty acids
Have no double bonds=bad
Unsaturated fatty acids
Have double bonds=good
Proteins
Made up of 20 amino acids which are bended by peptide bonds
Temperature and PH
The phenomenons that denature enzymes
Nucleotide
DNA+RNA’s monomer
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide’s monomer
Amino Acid/polypeptides
Enzyme’s monomer
Fatty acids and glycerol
Phospholipid (A type of triglyceride)’s monomer
Glucose
Starch’s monomer
Glycogen
Monosaccharide’s monomer
Amino Acid
Protein collagen’s monomer
Enzyme
Protein’s polymer
Triglyceride and Cholesterol
Lipids’ polymer
DNA+RNA
Nucleotide’s polymer
Polysaccharide, Cellulose
Carbohydrates’s polymers
The hydrogen bonds between OTHER water molecules
What Makes Water so special?
cohesion
Attraction between water and water; surface tension, Jesus lizard
Adhesion
Attraction between water and other things; why water sticks you when you swim
High Specific heat
Water can absorb/release large amount of heat energy with little change in a Tula temperature
High specific heat of vaporization
In order for H2O to evaporate, hydrogen bonds must be broken, as water evaporates it releases a lot of heat; sweat
Water is less dense than a solid
Frozen water forms a crystal lattice structure whereby molecules are set at fixed distances so there is more space than a liquid; icebergs aka a sad titanic
Homeostasis
Water’s ability to maintain a steady state despite changing conditions