World Geography chapter 1

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63 Terms
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Relative Location
Where one place is in comparison to other place; Cardinal Directions; Visual Descriptions
Absolute Location
The exact location; Latitude and Longitude; Address
distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees
Distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
The physical gap or interval between two objects
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic
what the compass rose shows on a map
an area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
The key or legend
the important information needed to be able to understand the map
The map grid
set of vertical and horizontal lines overlaid on the map
Map Index
helps the map reader find a specific location
an item that shows how the distance on the map compares to the distance in the real world
Symbols and Labels
help the reader to identify important locations or information on a map.
Examining details to discover or reveal something new
graduated symbol map
A map with symbols that change in size according to the value of the attribute they represent.
Dot Density Map
A map that uses dots to represent the frequency of a variable in a given area
Isoline Map
Map displaying lines that connect points of equal value
Choropleth Map
A map that uses colors to represent data
Cartogram Map
A map in which the size is distorted in order to represent data
linear distance
how far across the earth a person, idea, or product travels
Time Distance
the amount of time it takes for a person, an idea, or a product to travel
Psychological distance
the way people view distance
Formal region
A region defined by related characteristics
Functional Region
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
Perceptual Region
A region defined by which people perceive or see the characteristics of the region in the same way
Human Environment Interaction
How people use, adapt to, and modify the environment to their needs.
The first layer of the earth
The second layer of the earth
The third layer of the earth
outer core
The fourth layer of the earth
inner core
layer of gases surrounding the earth
the solid rock portion of the earth's surface
All the water on earth
the part of Earth where life exists
Large streams of water that flow through the ocean.
swells or ridges produced by winds
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced by the moon's gravity pulling on earth
Majority of Earth's Water
Largest freshwater lake on earth
Lake Baikal in Russia
water flowing in a channel to or from larger bodies of water
Drainage basin
area drained by rivers and streams
water beneath the surface of the earth held by soil
Water table
the level at which the rock is saturated with water
Hydrologic cycle
continuous circulation of water between the atmosphere, oceans and earth
System or a tool used to display and analyze data concerning a given position on Earth's surface.
Tectonic Plates
enormous moving pieces of the earth's lithosphere
Violent movement of the earth
a special device used to measure the earthquake
where an earthquake begins
point directly above where the focus of an earthquake
Richter scale
determines the strength of the earthquake
Ring of Fire
A zone around the rim of the pacific ocean, location of the vast majority of active volcanoes and earthquakes.
Why does the ring of fire have so many earthquakes and volcanos?
Eight tectonic plates meet there
physical and chemical processes that change the characteristics of rock on or near the earth's surface.
Mechanical Weathering
Processes that break rock into smaller pieces
Occurs when weathered material is moved by action of wind, water, ice or gravity
Water erosion
deltas (from deposits) and other landforms
Wind erosion
Sand Dunes, deposits of loess
Glacial erosion
glaciation results in moraines or a ridge/hill created from rocks left behind by glaciers
Internal Forces
earthquakes and volcanoes
External Forces
weathering and erosion
5 factors of soil formation
Parent material, Relief, Organisms, Climate, and Time