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Rome has a commanding position in the Mediterranean sea which enabled to act as an intemediary in spreading art and civilization over Europe Western Asia and North Africa. There is marked geographical differences between Greek and the Romans with regards to national character, Romans were very close.
1.) Semi-circular / wagon headed / Barrel vault
2.) Cross Vault
3.) Hemispherical Dome
made up of small stones laid in a loose pattern roughly assembling the polygonal work.
eg TRAJAN'S BASILICA
built by Apollodorus of Damascus.
used for gladiatorial combats, elliptical in plan.
Three main types of gateways
simple, solid and practical construction designed to resist the rush of water.