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med term unit 1 directional terms

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Anterior (ventral)
front of the body (ventral)
anteroposterior
passing from the front of the body (anterior) to the back (posterior)
caudal
toward the tailbone
cephalic
toward the head
deep
away from the surface of the body
distal
away from the point of origin
dorsal (posterior)
back of the body
external
outer part of the body
inferior
body part located below another part; closer to the feet
internal
deep within the body
lateral
toward the sides of the body
posterior
toward the back of the body
posteroanterior
passing from the posterior (rear/back) of the pody to the anterior (front)
prone
lying face down with the palms facing downward
proxiaml
closer to the point of origin
superficial
toward the surface of the body
superior
body part located above another part; closer to the head
supine
lying on the back with the palms facing upward
ventral
front of the body; anterior
erect
normal standing position
fowler's
semi-sitting; head of bead elevated
prone
lying face down
supine
lying flat; face up
lateral
lying on the side, left or right
sim's
lying on the side; one knee is straight while the other is bent
knee-chest
lying face down; knees bent resting on knees and chest
frontal plane
a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back
anterior (frontal plane)
front side, near head
ventral (frontal plane)
front side near belly
posterior (frontal plane)
back side, near rear
dorsal (frontal plane)
back side, near spine
midsagittal plane
a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right
medial (sagittal plane)
near center or midline
lateral (sagittal plane)
sides, far from center
proximal (sagittal plane)
near point of origin
distal (sagittal plane)
far from point of origin
transverse plane
a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower
superior (transverse plane)
close to head; top
inferior (transverse plane)
close to feet; bottom
cephalic (transverse plane)
related to the head
caudal (transverse plane)
related to the tail
body cavity
a space in the body that contains internal organs and/or other structures
dorsal cavity
one of the two main cavities; protects organs and tissues on back side of the body. divided into 2 other cavities
cranial cavity
located in the skull; protects brain
spinal cavity
located in the spinal column; protects spinal cord
ventral cavity
one of the two main cavities; protects organs and tissues on front side of the body. divided into three other cavities
thoracic cavity
contains heart, lungs, esophagus, and chest blood vessels. Separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm
Abdominal Cavity
Contains stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, and parts of the large intestine.
Pelvic Cavity
Cavity in the pelvice
Abdominopelvic cavity
Made up from the abdominal and pelvic cavities
Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
the right upper part of the body
left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
The upper left part of the body
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
The lower right part of the body
Left Lower quadrant (LLQ)
the lower left part of the body
Right Hypochondriac
The upper right part of the abdomen.
Epigastric
The region above the stomach.
Left Hypochondriac
The upper left part of the abdomen. Beneath the cartilage of the lower ribs ("hypochondriac")
Right Lumbar
Region of the back to the right side of the lumbar spine.
Umbilical
The region surrounding the umbilical cord, or belly button.
Left Lumbar
Region of the back to the left side of the lumbar spine.
Right Iliac
The lower right part of the abdomen.
Hypogastric (Pelvic)
Region below stomach
Left Iliac
The lower left part of the abdomen