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EXAM #2

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44 Terms
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Manifest Destiny
the belief that the U.S. should extend all the way to the pacific ocean
Nullification
Political theory proposed by John C. Calhoun that argued that a State convention had the right to "nullify (declare null and void) a federal law within its borders.
Young America Movement
A group of expansionists affiliated with the Democratic Party. During the 1840s they helped to popularize the idea of Manifest Destiny.
Anthony Burns
One of the most famous runaway slaves to be returned under the Fugitive Slave Act enacted by the Compromise of 1850.
Joseph Smith
Founder of the Mormon faith. Claimed God spoke directly to him; organized a private army¬ł the Nauvoo Legion. Sanctioned polygamy.
Conscience Whigs
A group of antislavery members of the Whig Party.
Gabriel's Rebellion
In 1800¬ł a plot to overthrow Virginia's slave government in Richmond was advanced by an enslaved blacksmith
Force Bill
Bill passed by Congress allowing President Jackson to use military force¬ł if necessary¬ł to force South Carolina not to nullify various tariffs.
Peggy Eaton
Pretty¬ł flirtatious daughter of a Washington tavern owner¬ł gossips linked her with Jackson's friend¬ł the Secretary of War
Task System
System slaves were assigned daily specific work to be done.
Great American Desert
Vast region of North America which featured forbidding mountains¬ł arid plains¬ł and burning wastelands.
Trail of Tears
The forced march of the Cherokee Indians off their homeland to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma).
Harriet Tubman
Escaped slave who returned South to serve as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Tejanos
Spanish speaking settlers in Texas
Personal Liberty Laws
Laws passed in northern states prohibiting the use of jails or law enforcement officers in the recapture of fugitive slaves.
Kitchen Cabinet
Unofficial group of advisers to Andrew Jackson that emerged in the wake of the cabinet shakeup that followed the Peggy Eaton controversy.
All of the following statements regarding Brigham Young are true, EXCEPT he
was the founder of the church of Latter Day Saints
In slave Christianity this man, called the "liberator," stood beside Jesus. He was:
Moses
The inventor of the cotton gin was
Eli Whitney
The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was
Joseph smith
The whipping of slaves was
A common form of punishment
Which of the following best describes the Middle Passage?
horrific
The Force Bill refers to Andrew Jackson's attempt to
prevent South Carolina from nullifying the tariff
The large slave rebellion that began in Southampton, Virginia, in 1831 under the leadership of a Baptist lay minister was known as the
Nat Turner Revolt
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 stated that Native American
needed to be removed to West of The Mississippi River
In what ruling did the Supreme Court argue that Georgia State law had no authority over the Indian nations within the State's boundaries?
Worcester VS Georgia
President Polk provoked a war with Mexico
In order to acquire New Mexico and California, by sending General Zachary Taylor and four thousand soldiers to patrol the Rio Grande, By encouraging settlers in Monterey, California to dream of US annexation
The idea of "one big reservation" for Native Americans in the West was replaced in the 1850s with a policy calling for
Forcing Indians onto small reservation
Upon the election of her husband to the Presidency, Sara Polk furnished the White House with
Newly purchased Slaves
The Tariff of 1828 was known throughout the South as the
Tariff of Abominations
In 1846 Senator Thomas Hart Benton declared that he could not "repine" that this group was disappearing from the US. This group was:
The Native Americans
Georgia's dispute in the 1820s into the late 1830 over state power over Native American groups focused on the
The Cherokees
In regard to slavery, in the late eighteenth century evangelical preachers
Called for the freeing of slaves
Anthony Burns
was a runaway slave arrested under the Fugitive Slave Act
In response to the nullification crisis, Andrew Jackson
Asserted the inviolentability of the Union and of federal control of tariffs and other matters of foreign policy
White populists pronounced blacks
unfit to be citizens, reside in the US, earn an education
The political party that emerged in the 1830s to oppose Andrew Jackson was
Whig
The "corrupt bargain" of 1824 refers to an alleged deal made between which two statesmen?
John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay
In the early nineteenth century, free blacks
Constituted roughly ten percent of the population of New York City
The Democratic Party
supported both agrarian democratic principles and the confrontation of southern slavery
The election of 1840 pitted which two candidates against each other?
Martin Van Buren and William Henry Harrison
Andrew Jackson's Indian policy
openly violated Supreme Court rulings by allowing state governments to encroach on Indian land
A common calculation that separated the large planters from yeoman farmers was that a planter owned
Twenty Slaves
In response to the Whig Party nomination of Zachary Taylor in 1848, many "conscience Whigs" fled the party, joined with antislavery Democrats, and formed the
Free Soil Party