POLS - Constitution flashcards

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What are the requirements for the House of Representatives?
Age 25 and citizen for 7 years.
Article III of the Constitution creates
The Judiciary.
Which of the following is not an enumerated power of Congress? Regulate commerce Raise and support an army Pardon Tax
What body has the power to impeach the president? What margin of vote is needed?
The House of Representatives 50% +1
You allegedly commit a crime in California and flee to Maine. If the government of California requests that Maine return you to Califorina does Maine have a Consitutional duty to return you? If so, what Article would apply
Yes, Maine has a duty to return you under Article IV.
Article II creates the
Northern California can break away from California and become the 51st state without Congressional approval.
Which of the following is NOT a power the executive branch holds over the legislative branch. Veto Pardon Veto override
Veto override
U.S. Supreme Court Justices must be legal scholars. True False
Article V establishes Ratification process. the Amendment Process. Judiciary. State-to-state relations.
the Amendment Process.
How have U.S. Senators been chosen since 1913?
By popular vote.
What body has the power to ratify treaties? What margin of vote is required?
Senate 2/3
What are the eligibility requirements for the president?
Age 35 Natural born citizen Live int he US for 14 years continuously
Powers of Congress (Senate vs H of R)
H of Rep: - start spending bills - Impeach (50+1%) Senate: - Hold trial for impeachment - Approve nominations to supreme and inferior courts - ratify treaties Congress: - regulate commerce - declare war - pass laws (50+1%) - veto override - tax - raise and support army - power of the purse - no ex post facto - bankruptcy laws - define and punish piracy - rules for nautalization - post offices and roads
According to the US Constitution, can the state of California declare war on the state of Nevada? Yes No
Can Congress place a tax on goods exported from California to Maine? Yes No
One matter that is beyond the Amendment process is?
" State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate."
According to the Constitution, what are the requirments for the the Supreme Court?
None stated in the Consitution.
One power that the executive branch has over the judicial branch is The President can add enlarge the federal courts and the Supreme Court. Power to appoint Power dismiss (fire) a federal judge or Supreme Court Justice.
Power to appoint
Which of the following is NOT a method for proposing an Amendment to the Constitution? 2/3 of states call for Convention to propose an amendment 3/4 of both houses of Congress 2/3 of of both houses of Congress
3/4 of both houses of Congress
What Article contains the Supremacy Clause?
Article 6
According to the US Constitution, is there a religious test required as a qualification to any office in the US? What Article would you find this in?
No religious test Article VI
Details on how to ratify the Constitution are found in
Article VII
Can the President be removed against her/his will, say for example because they are ill or unfit? What Amendment addresses this issue and process?
Yes, the President can be removed against her/his will. The 25th Amendment clarifies this issue and process.
The Vice President of the United States is also
the President of the Senate.
The Constitution requires 3/4 majority for one process, what is it?
Ratify an amendment to the Constitution.
Which of the following is not a charge for treason? Giving the enemy aid High crimes and misdemeanors Adhering to the enemy Levying war against the U.S.
High crimes and misdemeanors
Which of the following is a simple majority? 40% + 1 30% + 1 50% + 1
50% + 1
Article 1 covers
Legislative branch -establishes that its bicameral -senator's term lasts 6 years -tax and tarrif legislation must origiate in the HoR -powers of congress -only fed govt has the power to conduct foreign diplomacy or print money
Article 2 covers
Executive branch -Pres and VP terms are 4 years -requirements -preset salary -oath -can be impeached by congress
Article 3 covers
Judicial branch -can decide cases involving federal law, disputes between states - charges for treason and punishments
Article 4 covers
State relations (+extradition law) - promises to protect all states from foreign attack
Article 5 covers
the Amendment process (needs to be proposed by 2/3 of Congress votes or state conventions --> ratified by 3/4 of the state legislatures 2 restrictions on amendments: - no amendment outlaws the slave trade before 1808 - no amendment can end the system of equal representation of all states
Article 6 covers
the supremacy clause (+ no religious test) - also recognized the financial debts of the US
Article 7 covers
ratification process (3/4 because of Rhode Island)
Powers of president
- commander in chief -pardon -veto bills -sign and execute bills -appoint fed judges and ambassadors - make treaties
President CAN'T
- make laws -declare war -manage money -interpret laws -choose cabinet members without senate's approval
What amendment changed how the senators were chosen?
17th from being chosen by various state legislatures --> by popular vote
Comity clause (article+section?)
The comity clause is a clause in the U.S. Constitution that prevents a state from treating citizens of other states in a discriminatory manner. The clause is referred under Art. IV, § 2, Cl 1
What constitution prohibits to the states?
- form alliances with ither govt or states -declare war -coin money -grant titles of nobility
what constitution prohibits to congress?
- limiting slave trade - titles of nobility -Habeas Corpus (unlawful detention) - ex post facto laws - export tax - no bill of attainder (convicting without a trial)
When is 2/3 vote needed?
- override a veto - ratify treaties by Senate - remove impeached official from office -propose an amendment
When is 3/4 vote needed?
to ratify an amendment
When s 50+1% vote needed?
- impeach the president - confirm or reject president's nominee to supreme court - to pass bill to senate
ex post facto
a criminal statute that punishes actions that were legal when originally performed
bill of attainder
a legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trial
the surrender of an accused or convicted person by one state or country to another