EXAM 2 American national government

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46 Terms
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the citizens who reside in the districts from which an official is elected
Agency Representation
the type of representation according to which representatives are held accountable to there constitutes if they fail to represent them properly that is constitutes have the power to hire and fire representatives
legislatures who vote according to the preferences of there constitutes
legislatives who vote according to what they think is best for there constitutes
congressional districts
the area that a member of the house represents
the official who holds an office
congressional leadership
leaders of the house and senate
meetings where political parties chose there candidates
standing committee
a permanent committee
How a Bill Becomes A Law
1. written 2. discussed in committee and voted on 3. Discussed in the house of representatives and senate and voted on in both 4. President signs it or vetos it
Closed rule
the provision by the house rules committee the restricts the introduction of amendments during debate
open rule
the provision by the house committee that permits floor debate and the additional of amendments to a bill
a tactic where member of the senate takes the floor and prevents action on legislation by speaking till majority abandons the legislation
a procedure by which 3/5 of the members of the senate can set a time limit on debate over a given bill
roll call vote
voting in which each legislation yes or no vote recorded
agreement among members of congress to vote for one or another bill
learn there parts intentions on specific bills and also convey the leadership views and plans to members
party vote
a roll call vote in the house or senate in which at least 50% of the members of the party take on a particular position and are opposed by at least 50% of the members of another party
expressed powers
powers that constitution explicitly grants to the federal government
delegated powers
constitutional powers that are assigned to one branch the government but exercised by another branch with the permission of the first
inherent powers
claimed powers of the president that are not expressed in the constitution but are said to be stern from the rights duties and obligations of the presidency
commander in chief
the officer ( president) who holds the supreme command usually over militia
executive agreement
an agreement between the president and another country that has the force of a treaty but does not require the senators advice and concerns
executive privilege
the claim that confidential communications between a president and close advisors should not be revealed without the presidents concerns
the presidents constitutional power to reject acts of congress
pocket veto
indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it
line-item veto
the power of the president to veto specific provisions of a bill passed by the legislature
legislative initiatives
the presidents inherent power to bring the policy agenda before congress
executive order
a rule or regulation issued by a president that has the effect of law
the heads of the major departments of the federal government
executive office of the president
the percent agencies that preform defined management tasks of the president
signing statement
an announcement made by the president when signing a bill into law sometimes presenting the presidents interpretation of law as well as remarks predicting the benefits it will bring to the nation
the complex structure of office tasks rule and principal of organization that large institutions use to coordinate the work of their personal
the development of rules regulations bureaucratic procedures to translate laws into action
rule making
a quasi-legislative administrative process that produces regulators by government agencies
administrative adjudication
the application of rules and prejudices to specific cases to settle disputes with regulated parties
clientele agency
a department of government whose mission is to promote serve or represent a particular interest
regulatory agency
a governmental agency that regulates businesses in the public interest
welfare agency
redistributive money to the people
administrative legislative
rules made by regulatory agencies that have the force of law
fiscal policy
a government policy for dealing with the budget
monetary policy
regulation of the economy through manipulation of the supply of money the price of money and availability of credit
bureaucratic draft
bureaucratic tendency to implement laws that go towards towards there policy preferences and possibly against the intentions the elected officials
reducing number of rules issued by federal regulatory agencies
delegating a program or passing it down from one level of government to lower level
the act of moving all or part of the program from the public sector to private sector