History 8 - Chapter 3 Terms

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19 Terms
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the first permanent English settlement in North America
Headright System
agreement in which settlers and the family members who came with them each received 50 acres of land
indentured servants
immigrants who received passage to America in exchange for a fixed term of labor
Bacon's Rebellion
conflict between former indentured servants and Native Americans
Toleration Act
law that made it a crime to restrict the religious right of Christians
slave codes
law that controlled the lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights
group that wanted to reform the Church of England
group of English separatists who fled religious persecution
Mayflower Compact
agreement that helped establish the practice of self-government
group that settled in Pennsylvania in order to practice their religion freely
William Penn
Quaker leader that founded Pennsylvania and practiced religious toleration
staple crops
crops that are always needed
cash crops
crops that are sold for profit
movement designed to increase a nation's wealth by controlling trade.
Navigation Acts
law that required the colonies to trade exclusively with Britain
movement that spread the idea that science and reason could improve society
French and Indian War
conflict between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley.
Great Awakening
movement that spread religious ideas in the American colonies
Proclamation of 1763
law that prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachians after the French and Indian War