Theological Basis of Biblical Counseling Midterm
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What are the foundational commitments of soul care?
Epistemology, theology proper, soteriology, anthropology
Study of knowledge
Doctrine of God
Doctrine of salvation
Doctrine of man
Types of knowledge
Knowledge by acquaintance Know how Knowledge by description Knowledge is a justified, true belief
Theories of knowledge
Naturalism, scientism, post-modernism, pragmatism, logical positivism
Observed in a natural environment
Using tests; strong(mature) scientism and weak(immature) scientism
Your truth is your truth, my truth is my truth; each decides their own
The true is the name of whatever proves itself to be good in the way of belief, and good, too, for definite assignable reasons
Philosophical problems that can only be solved through logical analysis
How do we justify truth claims?
Through perception, introspection, reason, memory, testimony
Key ingredients of foundationalism
1. Epistemically authority that informs basic belief 2. Basic belief (“universals”) 3. Propositional truth 4. Justified, true belief (“particulars”)
Propositional verbalized revelation
The belief that we can know outside of ourselves and our own thinking, and that we can have true communication from someone other than ourselves
The reality that God shows himself to the world in the things he has made so that the world is without excuse in their rejection of him (Psalm 19:1-6)
God’s word addressed to specific people at specific times, including the words of the Bible (Psalm 19:7-11)
What is the inspiration of scripture?
God through His spirit inspired every word penned by the human authors in each of the sixty-six books of the Bible in the original documents (2 Timothy 3:16-17)
What is the inerrancy of scripture?
The bible is without error in the original copies. It is therefore free, when properly interpreted, from affirming anything that is untrue or contrary to fact (John 17:17, Matthew 5:17-19, John 10:35)
What is the sufficiency of scripture?
The Bible contains all that we need to know God’s will and live a life pleasing to him (2 Peter 1:3-4, 2 Timothy 3:16-17, Psalm 19:7-10)
What are the different types of sufficiency?
Progressive sufficiency Completed sufficiency Formal sufficiency Material sufficiency
What is the role of extra-biblical data in interpreting the Bible?
Makes the understanding of scripture possible; we had to learn and understand basic things about life. The application of scripture to modern life
What are the steps in applying scripture to modern life?
Normative premise - God alone decides what is moral Situational premise - application of the normative Existential conclusion - conclusion of the concept
What is the process of change as stated in 2 Corinthians 3:18?
Cause and effect relationship; Cause-beholding the glory of God Effect-transformed into that same image “By the Spirit”