Theology: Units 1 and 2

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The four-week liturgical season during which Christians prepare themselves for the celebration of Christmas
The feast day on which Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus; also refers to the liturgical season that immediately follows Christmas Day.
A feast day celebrating the visit of the Magi to the infant Jesus and the revelation of the Savior to the Gentiles. Originally celebrated on the twelfth day of Christmas (January 6), Epiphany is now celebrated on the Sunday between January 2 and January 8.
From a Greek word meaning “to resemble”; a pictorial representation or image of a religious figure or event typically painted on a wooden panel and used in the prayer and worship of Eastern Christians.
Traditionally, the span of forty days (excepting Sundays) between Ash Wednesday and Easter Sunday. In the official Church calendar, Lent begins with Ash Wednesday and ends on Holy Thursday evening with the celebration of the Mass of the Lord’s Supper. It is followed by the Triduum, the three days of the Lord’s Passion, death, and Resurrection. Lent is the season during which believers focus on conversion, turning toward God more completely in their lives.
Liturgical Year
The Church’s annual cycle of religious feasts and seasons that forms the context for the Church’s worship. During the liturgical year, we remember and celebrate God the Father’s saving plan as it is revealed through the life of his Son, Jesus Christ.
The Church’s official, public, communal prayer. It is God’s work, in which the People of God participate. The Church’s most important liturgy is the Eucharist, or the Mass.
The Church’s living teaching office, which consists of all the bishops, in communion with the Pope.
Ordinary time
The time in the liturgical year that is not part of a special season like Advent, Christmas, Lent, or Easter.
Paschal Mystery
The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his life, Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
The night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from death. It also is the feast that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land.
The biblical event following the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus at which the Holy Spirit was poured out on his disciples; in the Christian liturgical year, the feast fifty days after Easter on which the biblical event of _____ is recalled and celebrated.
The established form of the words and actions for a ceremony that is repeated often. The actions often have a symbolic meaning.
This word (from the Latin, meaning “to hand on”) refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message. Tradition, which began with the oral communication of the Gospel by the Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, is handed down and lived out in the life of the Church, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
The three days of the liturgical year that begin with the Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday and end with Evening Prayer on Easter Sunday.
From the Latin trinus, meaning “threefold,” referring to the central mystery of the Christian faith that God exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated Divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The doctrine of the Trinity is a mystery that is inaccessible to human reason alone and is known through Divine Revelation only.
world youth day
Instituted by Pope Saint John Paul II in 1985, World Youth Days are convocations of youth held in Rome and in several cities around the world to celebrate and encourage the participation of youth in the life of the Church.
What liturgical season is this? The Liturgical year begins with ________ Liturgical color is Purple—signifying preparation or waiting. We are waiting for the following: 1. To celebrate the Word Made Flesh at Christmas. 2. The Final coming of Christ at the end of time. 3. To celebrate the birth of the Word of God in our hearts.
What liturgical season is this? ______ season begins on Dec. 25 and lasts until the Solemnity of the Baptism of Jesus (third Sunday after ______). Liturgical color is white/gold—signifying Joy. Important feast within ________ season is: 1. Epiphany Sunday (Jan.6) – celebrates the revelation of Savior to Gentiles
ordinary time
What liturgical season is this? Called ordinary because its days are numbered with ordinal numbers Two blocks of _______ ____ First is between Christmas season and Lent Second is between Pentecost and Advent Liturgical color is green—signifying hope. ______ ____ reflects on Jesus’ mission, miracles, and teachings.
What liturgical season is this? The _____ season begins on Ash Wednesday. It is the most solemn and reflective time of the year. The liturgical color is purple—signifying penance. We focus on Jesus’ passion. We are encouraged to perform three Christian practices: 1. Prayer 2. Fasting 3. Almsgiving
Easter Triduum
What liturgical season is this? The week before _____ begins on Palm Sunday, also known as Passion Sunday, and is called Holy Week. We remember the sufferings and death of Jesus with great passion. Triduum—the last three days of the week are the most solemn of the entire year. The Triduum begins Holy Thursday evening and ends on Easter Sunday evening.
Three most solemn days
What liturgical season is this? Holy Thursday—Mass of the Lord’s Supper celebrated in the evening. 1. Jesus gives us the gift of himself in the Eucharist. Good Friday—the Passion and death of Jesus is remembered. 2. There is no mass on Good Friday, but there is distribution of Eucharist. 3. We also read the Passion from a particular Gospel. 4. We also venerate the Cross and pray for intentions of the Church Holy Saturday—Easter Vigil 1. Celebrate Jesus resurrection with fire, candles, water, the singing of the Exsultet, readings and welcome the elect(those preparing to become Catholic) into the Church through RCIA. (receive sacraments of initiation)
What liturgical season is this? ________ celebrates Christ’s resurrection. It begins an entire week of celebration. It is a fifty day period. Begins _____ Sunday and ends on Pentecost Sunday. Readings focus on the Risen Christ and growth of the Church. Liturgical color is white/gold—signifying Joy.
opus dei
work of god
agnus dei
lamb of god
deposit of faith
sacred scripture and tradition
roman missal
priest uses this at the altar and chair. includes all prayers
readings of the mass, gospels, and responsorial psalm and gospel acclamations
books of the gospels
contains only the gospel readings from the lectionary. Gospel is read from here.
rite of baptism
for children: volume I is the rites for all the sacraments (except eucharist and holy orders). Volume II contains rites for ordinations, blessings, and consecrations of persons and blessings of objects and places.
liturgy of the hours
Also known as the Divine Office, the official, public, daily prayer of the Catholic Church. The Divine Office provides standard prayers, Scripture readings, and reflections at regular hours throughout the day.
actual grace
God’s interventions and support for us in the everyday moments of our lives. ___ _____ are important for conversion and for continuing growth in holiness.
A prayer asking that God care for a particular person, place, or activity. A simple _____ is usually made with the Sign of the Cross.
A form of wordless prayer in which one is fully focused on the presence of God; sometimes defined as “resting in God”; a deep sense of loving adoration of God.
The power something holds to cause a desired effect. The Sacraments are ______ in bringing about the spiritual reality they signify.
ex opere operato
The Latin phrase that literally means “by the work worked” or, according to the Catechism, “by the very fact of the action’s being performed” (CCC, 1128), indicating that Sacraments are efficacious.
The ability to choose for the good; in light of the Sacraments, true ______ comes from the positive response to God’s grace.
The free and undeserved gift of God’s loving and active presence in the universe and in our lives, empowering us to respond to his call and to live as his adopted sons and daughters. ____ restores our loving communion with the Holy Trinity, lost through sin.
A prayer on behalf of another person or group.
A form of prayer involving a variety of methods and techniques in which one engages the mind, imagination, and emotions to focus on a particular truth, biblical theme, or other spiritual matter.
A prayer form in which one asks God for help and forgiveness.
popular piety
Religious reverence or devotion of the people, including customs such as novenas (nine days of prayer), honoring or requesting the intercession of a particular saint, praying the Rosary, and so on.
A prayer of acknowledgment that God is God, giving God glory not for what he does, but simply because he is.
Lifting up of one’s mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from him. The five basic forms of ____ are blessing, praise, petition, thanksgiving, and intercession. In ____ we communicate with God in a relationship of love.
From the Latin redemptio, meaning “a buying back”; referring, in the Old Testament, to Yahweh’s deliverance of Israel and, in the New Testament, to Christ’s deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin.
An efficacious and visible sign of God’s grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us. The Seven _______ are Baptism, the Eucharist, Confirmation, Penance and Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony, and Holy Orders.
sacramental economy
The communication or dispensation of the fruits of Christ’s Paschal Mystery in the celebration of the Church’s sacramental liturgy.
Sacred signs (such as holy water and a crucifix) that bear some resemblance to the Sacraments but that do not carry the guarantee of God’s grace associated with the Seven Sacraments.
sanctifying grace
The grace that heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity. It is a supernatural gift of God, infused into our souls by the Holy Spirit, that continues the work of making us holy. A permanent deposition to live and act n accordance with God's will
A word, object, or gesture that refers to a specific thing or action; however, when used with regard to Sacraments, the word ___ becomes interchangeable with the word symbol.
An object or action that points us to another reality. It leads us to look beyond our senses to consider a deeper mystery.
A prayer of gratitude for the gift of life and the gifts of life.
vocal prayer
A prayer that is spoken aloud or silently, such as the Lord’s Prayer. It is one of the three expressions of prayer, the other two being meditation and contemplation.
walking ritual
Walking together, as in a procession or pilgrimage, symbolic of the journey of life and our solidarity with others on this journey.
he doctrines of a Christian sect arising in North Africa in 311 and holding that sanctity is essential for the administration of sacraments and church membership. A heresy.