GED Social Studies

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94 Terms
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Process of introducing something that is new
League of Nations
An organization designed to help nations settle disputes peacefully
The governing of weaker nations or colonies by a more powerful nation
Significant increase in the number and size of cities
Process of introducing something that is new
League of Nations
An organization designed to help nations settle disputes peacefully
The governing of weaker nations or colonies by a more powerful nation.
Significant increase in the number and size of cities
The Great Depression
A severe recession that occurred in the 1930's. Stock market crashed, banks failed, homes and farms were lost.
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
Established under Roosevelts New Deal this agency helps to prevent people from losing their money if the banks fail.
The American Civil War
A battle of the early North & South states from 1861-1865. 8 upper Southern states were "Union" 7 bottom states were Confederate.
Roaring Twenties
Period of prosperity and growth that preceded the Great Depression.
Economic information and decision making at an individual level or company level includes individual, household, businesses, industry.
A rate charged as a fee to borrow money
A. Louisiana Purchase
11. In 1803 France sold this territory to the United States. This land was between Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. This was called?
A. Industrial Revolution
12. Machines replaced tools used by hand in manufacturing goods. People left farms to work in factories.
A. Referendum
13. A power granted to the citizens that allowed them to overturn legislation that was passed by legislature or by voters by gathering signatures.
A. Annexation
14. Taking control of another country or territory.
A. Castes
15. Categories that determined a persons' occupation and social class.
A. Abolitionists
16. People who wanted to end slavery
A. Monopoly
17. One company that owns 100% of all the businesses selling the same type of product.
A. The Watergate Scandal
18. President Nixon was involved in an immoral and illegal even that led him to resign from office. What was this called?
A. Entrepreneurship
19. Human creativity that produces new products or services
A. Landforms
20. The movement of tectonic plates shifting cause the formation of new.....?
A. Fiscal Policy
21. Taxing and spending policies of a government.
22. The total value of a country's production.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
A. Emancipation Proclamation
23. 1863 Lincoln issued this to free the slaves of the Confederacy.
A. Market Equilibrium
24. When demand is equal to supply.
A. Executive Branch
25. In this area of American Government, the president acts as commander in chief of armed forces, appoints judges, ambassadors, other officials, and enforces laws.
A. Tariff
26. A tax on goods that are imported into the United States.
A. Poverty Line
27. The minimum income that a family of four needs to live.
A. Credit Card Act.
28. Passed in 2009 limits charges credit card company can require. Limits late fees, inactivity fees and interest rate increases.
A. The Federal Reserve
29. The central bank created in 1913 may lower interest rates during a weak economy to encourage people and businesses to take out loans and buy goods.
A. Subsidy
30. Government payment to an individual or business to encourage or protect a particular economic activity.
A. Interest Group
31. A group of people with common concerns who join together to influence government policy.
A. Dictatorship
32. A form of government in which a single person holds all the power over people and country.
A. Sir Walter Raleigh
33. Upon the request of Queen Elizabeth of England this man-made attempt to settle colonies on "Roanoke Island" which is now North Carolina.
A. Lobbyists
34. People who work to sway public officials towards a particular opinion.
A. Plateau
35. A large flat area that is elevated about a surrounding area of land.
A. Battle of Antietam
36. 1863 this success gave Lincoln a way to change the course of the Civil War and enabled him to issue the "Emancipation Proclamation."
A. Inflation
37. A rise in the prices of goods/products over time.
A. Concurrent Powers
38. Powers that may be exercised by both the federal and state governments.
A. Tundra
39. Cold, dry, permanently frozen soil called permafrost lies beneath the surface and prevents trees from taking root. Short summer seasons, long winter seasons.
A. Culture
40. Custom beliefs and practices of a society or a people.
A. Tenements
41. Crowded buildings where many immigrants lived once in the U.S.
A. Socialism
42. An economic system in which property and the distribution of income are subject to social and governmental control rather than individual determination of market forces.
A. Internal Union for Conservation of Nature. They track and seek solutions to the problem of decreasing biodiversity.
43. What is the IUCN and what do they do?
A. Representative Democracy
44. A form of government in which power is held by the people and exercised indirectly through representatives who make decisions.
A. Isolationism
45. A policy of avoiding involvement in international affairs.
A. Legislative Branch
46. In this part of the US government is run by congress which is divided into two houses upper, smaller house. Senate/and lower, larger house house of representatives who write laws, approve government, spending on programs and power to impeach.
A. Macro-economics
47. Studies of the behavior of the entire economy as a nation. Example: What is the GDP of the United States or What is the unemployment rate.
A. Desert
48. This is an area where there is no rain fall to support grasslands, the driest with less than 25cm of precipitation.
A. Plain
49. A large area of that without trees.
A. Magna Carta
50. Document signed by King John of England in 1215 that limited the Kings power and guaranteed certain basic rights.
A. Judicial Branch
51. This part of the government is run by the "Supreme Court" they interpret laws, is made up of 9 justices, review lower house court decisions.
A. Latitude
52. Imaginary lines that run east to west but measure distance from north to south in relation to the equator which is at a latitude of 0 degrees.
A. Truman Doctrine
53. Policy of providing aid to countries threatened by Communism created by president Harry S. Truman in 1974.
A. Joseph Stalin
54. This man was once the Dictator of the Soviet Union who's goal it was to spread Communism over Europe.
A. Confederate States
55. A group of southern states that seceded from the union to permanently unite for common purpose before the Civil War.
A. Physical Boundaries
56. Natural features that separate two areas from each other.
A. Communism
57. Is a totalitarian system of government in which the STATE plans and controls economy and all goods are shared by the people.
A. Competition
58. Businesses work against each other to develop better products for better prices.
A. Natural Selection
59. The process by which individuals best adjusted to an environment survive and reproduce, thereby perpetuating traits best suited to the environment.
A. Law of Demand
60. As the price of a good rises the demand falls; as the price falls the demand rises.
A. The U.S. Constitution
61. The Preamble, The Articles, The Amendments make up this document.
A. Economic Growth
62. An increase in an economy's ability to produce goods and services which brings about a rise in standards of living.
A. Totalitarianism
63. A Centralized government that does not tolerate parties of differing opinion and that exercises dictatorial control over people's lives.
A." The New Deal"
64. 1930's a program created by Franklin Roosevelt where government agencies were made to establish economic recovery.
A. Rule of Law
65. Principle that every member of society even a ruler must follow the law.
A. The 13th amendment.
66. The constitutional amendment that ended slavery in the U.S.
A. Poll Tax
67. A tax that had to be paid in order to vote.
A. Political Boundaries
68. Lines that separate countries and states.
A. Independents
69. This group belongs to no organized political party and can play a major role in deciding which candidate is elected.
A. Open door policy
70. Gave equal trading rights in China.
A. Kennedy
71. In 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson (Vice Pres.) was sworn into office after this president was assassinated.
A. Demography
72. The statistical study of the size, growth, movement and distribution of people.
A. Lyndon B. Johnson
73. 1964 this president declared an "Unconditional War on Poverty" also introduced a set of policies known as the "Great Society."
A. Peninsula
74. A narrow strip of land surrounded by water on 3 sides.
A. Richard Nixon
75. This president adopted a relaxing of tensions- led to the end of the Cold War.
A. Arab Muslims
76. This group was displaced from Palestine in 1948.
A. Dynasty
77. Family of rulers.
A. (NATO) National Atlantic Treaty Organization
78. Organization designed to stop Soviet expansion in Europe.
A. Urban sprawl
79. Increased movement of people and businesses into outlying areas around cities.
A. Marshall Plan
80. US plan to provide aid to help Europe rebuild after WW2.
A. Marshall Plan
81. Used as a way to block Communist expansions this plan provided money to Western Europe to help start a Capitalist economy growing.
A. Federalists
82. Advocated of a strong Federal government and supporters of adoption of the US Constitution.
A. Fiscal Policy
83. Taxing and spending policies of a government.
A. Capitalism
84. An economic system that allows people to own businesses and keep the money businesses earn.
A. Foreign Aid
85. Money, goods, and services given to other nations.
A. Opportunity cost
86. The Alternative that one gives up when a choice is made.
A. Longitude lines
87. Imaginary lines that run north to south but measure distance east to west these lines also called meridians start at the Prime Meridian which marks 0 degrees.
A. Suffrage
88. The right to vote is also called what?
A. Reserve
89. Money banks retain for future use.
A. Bicameral
90. A legislative body composed of two houses.