An exclusive circle of adolescents with a common purpose.
Larger group of adolescents with something in common, but aren't necessarily friends.
Encouragement to conform; becomes negative when it defies authority.
Teens adopt a more homogenous group; selecting those who share values and abandoning those who don't.
"Soft skills", vital for success and linked to prosocial behavior/emotional and relational health.
Parasocial Romantic Relationships
One-sided relationships in which one person is idolized.
Enabling behaviors that would unlikely have happened on their own.
Destructive peer support that influences rebellion against authority.
Uses advanced social intelligence to manipulate peer group and achieve dominance.
Lower levels of social intelligence; attacks and abuses others as a response.
Characteristics of a Bullying Victim
Clear rules enforced and support offered to victims; more effective than zero-tolerance policy.
Refusal to defend a victim or denounce bullying publicly.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)
Developmental disruptions that have lifelong consequences. Prevention includes:
Promotion of positive social norms
Ensuring strong start
Connecting with caring adults/positive activities
Group of related peoples (definition is very fluid).
Husband, wife, and children.
Family consisting of the nuclear family and their blood relatives
Influence that diminishes with age (family).
Influence that expands with age (friends/school).
Family type based upon the constellation of family.
Supports Success in Single Parent Household
Parents on good terms
Shares responsibilities, promotes time spent with child, and encourages connectedness.
Child and birth parents and still in contact.
Open and informed, but not overly-involved.
Temporary living arrangement with another family or relative. Inability to build foundation in a consistent environment leads to poor outcomes.
The way a family works to meet each member's needs; function is more important than form.