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A series of railroads that linked the East to the West. It created more efficient transportation routes and that allowed more settlers to move out west.
Monopolists who acquired wealth through ruthless means.
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group
Workers organizations that try to improve working conditions
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Housing built in NYC to accommodate large numbers of European immigrants.
Discrimination against immigrants. Favoring the interests of citizens over foreign-born people.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Anti-immigrant law that banned Chinese people from entering the United States
Gold covered, rotten underneath. This time period appeared to be very prosperous, but underneath there was a lot of corruption and suffering.
corrupt political party organizations that controlled local city governments
A leader who controls votes and who ends up in office.
Pendleton Civil Service Act
a law that ended the "spoils system" and made hiring of federal employees merit based.
the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
Jim Crow Laws
state laws in the South that legalized segregation
Something in their home country pushed them out. Examples: unemployment, repressive governments, lack of opportunity, avoiding military service, religious persecution.
Something about another country that pulls them to it. Examples: "better life", religious freedom, education, economic opportunity, safety.
Immigrants who moved to the US from South/Eastern Europe in the late 1800's/early 1900's. Harder for them to adapt to life in America because they were more culturally different.
Immigrants who moved to the US from North/Western Europe in the 1850s. It was easier for them to adapt to life in America.