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32 Terms
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A sudden calamitous occurrence that causes great harm, injury, destruction, and devastation to life and property
-Life -Property
The 2 things that disaster affects
Helplessness and Hopelessness
Disaster gives 2 feelings to humans
A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using it's own resources.
According to the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) & the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
-The exposure to a hazard -The conditions of Vulnerability that are present -Insufficient capacity or measures to reduce or cope with the potential negative consequences
Disasters are often a result of...
-Loss of life -Injury -Disease -Negative effects on human physical -Negative effects on human mental -Negative effects on human Social wellbeing
Disaster will affect life in...
-Destruction of assets -Loss of services -Social and economic disruptions -Environmental degradation
Disaster will affect properties in...
Republic Act 10121
An act strengthening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management System, Providing for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating Funds, Therefore and Other Purposes
March 27, 2010
When was Republic Act 10121 made?
One of the sections in Republic Act 10121
To immediate release of calamity funds to local government units so they can prepare for disaster mitigation and preparedness.
70% To the total calamity fund to risk reduction measures 30% To quick response activities
Where does the calamity fund go to?
Section 2 of RA 10121
"develop, promote, and implement a comprehensive that aims to strengthen the capacity of the national government of the LGUs, together with partner stakeholders, to build the disaster resilience of communities, and to instutionalize arrangements and measures for reducing disaster risks, including projected climate risks, and enhancing disaster preparedness and response capabilities at all levels."
Natural Disasters
a natural phenomenon is caused by natural forces, such as earthquakes, typhoon, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, fires, tornados, and extreme temperatures.
-Rapid onset -Progressive onset
2 Type of natural disasters
Extreme onset
Progressive onset is also known as
-Droughts -Famine
Examples of progressive onset
A Hazard is a source or condition that has the potential to cause harm to humans in the form of injury or illness, property damage, environmental damage or a combination of these.
Natural Hazard & Human-Made Induced hazards
2 types of hazards
Natural Hazard
Occurs when an extreme natural event is destructive to human life and property. This event could interfere with activities in a minor way such as when strong winds blow trees down, or this event could completely disrupt activities like a large earthquake damaging your home, business or school
Human-made hazard
Are caused by human activities. Unlike natural hazards, human-made hazards can often be prevented.
-Technological/Industrial disasters -Terrorism/Violence -Complex humanitarian emergencies
Examples of hazards
Technological disasters
Unregulated industrialization and inadequate safety standards to increase the risk for industrial disasters.
The threat of terrorism has also increased due to the spread of technologies involving nuclear, biological, and chemical agents used to develop weapons of mass destruction.
Complex humanitarian emergencies
The term complex emergency is a usually used to describe the humanitarian emergency resulting from and international or civil war. In such situations, large number of people are displaced from their home due to the lack of personal safety distribution, water, electricity, ETC... Examples are, Genocide, War, ETC.
the combination of the probability of an event and its negative consequences.
Disaster risk
Is the product of the possible damage caused by a hazard due to the vulnerability within a community.
A sudden calamitous event, bringing great damage, loss, destruction, and devastation.
Ring of Fire
a path along the pacific ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.
An event causing great and often sudden damage or distress
Shaking of earth caused by waves moving on and below the earth's surface.
Volcanic Eruption
When lava and gas are discharged from a volcanic vent.
Pacific Ocean
Largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.