Communications Quiz 5

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Assumptions of Face-Negotiation Theory
1) Self Identity is important to have in interpersonal interactions with individuals negotiating their identity differently across cultures 2)The management of conflict is mediated by face & culture 3)Certain acts threaten one's projected self image
Assumptions of Comm. Accommodation Theory
1) Similarities & Dissimilarities exist in all conversations 2) How we perceive the comm. and behavior of another will determine how we evaluate it 3)Language & behaviors impart info about social status & group belonging 4) Accommodation varies in its degree of appropriateness social norms guide this process
Assumptions of The Rhetoric
1) Effective public speakers must consider their audience 2) Effective public speakers must employ a number of proofs in their presentations
Critique of Face-Negotiation Theory
-Logistical Consistency (-): Cultural dimensions don't explain cultural differences -Heurism(+): Exploration of conflict with cultures
Critique of Comm. Accommodation Theory
-Heurism(+) -Logistical Consistency (-): Only 2 terms? What happens if we do both? -Logistical Consistency (-): Ignores nasty emotional conflict between people. Portrays them as too rational -Scope (+/-): Is it too broad? where is the limitation?
Critique of The Rhetoric
-Test of Time (+): Been around for a while;you cant get away from it in the western world -Heurism(+): Sparked ideas/creativity/academic disciplines -Logistical Consistency(-): Not Organized, termanology comes out as not clear
Face Negotiation Theory Terms: Face
One's self image in the presence of others
Face Negotiation Theory Terms: Facework
Comm. behaviors people use to manage their own & others faces
Preventative of stopping embarrassment or vulnerability
What you do after a loss of image & reputation takes a hit
Locus of Facework
Weather your behavior is directed at you face/image or the face/image of your partner
Face Valence
Weather comm. behavior support or attack another person's face
Individualistic Culture
-Defining ourselves separate/independent from others -Decisions are what suits you
Collectivistic Culture
Define yourself from group affiliations
Conflict Management Styles: Dominating/Complete
Not over till theres a winner & a loser
Conflict Management Styles: Integrating/ Collaboration
Get through conflict where everyone wins
Conflict Management Styles: Obliging/acomidation
We give up our own needs/goals for the needs of others
The ability to adjust,modify, or regulate one's behavior in the response of others
Ways to Adapt: Convergence
Comm. becomes more like one another Ex: Dress the same, same hair, same mannerisms
Ways to Adapt: Divergence
Strategies we use to accentuate the verbal and non verbal differences with another **NOT DISAGREEMENT**
Where we make adjustment that make the other person feel less than equal
Sensory Overaccommodation
Speaker who overly adapts to the listener that makes the listener feel incompetent
Dependency Overaccommodation
Placing the person at a lower status role/ make it look like the need you
Intergroup Overaccomidation
Lump a bunch of people together & we treat them as the same
Proofs of Rhetoric: Ethos
Source Image: Nature of the source/global image; All factors that contribute to the sources image
Proofs of Rhetoric: Pathos
Emotions of the Receiver: The audience, study the audience (before you make your presentation)
Proofs of Rhetoric: Logos
Argument: Nature of the message as it is presented from the sources of the receiver
Canons of Rhetoric: Invention
Generating ideas, putting thought in your speech/argument
Canons of Rhetoric: Arrangement
How you organize the speech, putting thought into the main points
Canons of Rhetoric: Style
Language Choices
Canons of Rhetoric: Delivery
Non-Verbal Part (Ex: eye contact, body language)
Canons of Rhetoric: Memory
Storing of the relevant information in the sources mind