BASC103A - Module 1 (Introductory)

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54 Terms
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Academic discipline in vetmed about animal parts
Biotic and Abiotic Component
2 Components of the Ecosystem
welfare legislation
considers how humans must treat animals includes rules & regulations, & mandates in the animal welfare act (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)
Animal Welfare
branch of veterinary science that deals w/quality of life experienced by an animal
Animal Welfare
encompasses how well the animal is coping w/its current situation & surroundings
2,000 BC
year that pigeons, other poultry, & elephants were domesticated
3 Concepts of Animal Welfare
normal biological function, emotional state, ability to express certain normal behaviors
normal biological function
ensures that the animal is healthy & well-nourished (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)
Emotional state
The absence of negative emotions; pain & chronic fear (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)
Ability to express certain normal behaviors
Involves the expression of animal behavior in their normal environment (3 Concepts of Animal Welfare)
Biotic Component
living things such as flora and fauna
Academic discipline in vetmed about the methods & techniques in animal production
animals that have backbones
Academic discipline in vetmed about parasites (worms & protozoans)
Pet/Companion Animals
indoor animals; animals in close association w/humans such as dogs & cats
biped (2-footed); animals w/feathers (ex. chickens, ducks, pigeons, turkeys)
Abiotic Component
non-living things such as lithosphere (soil), hydrosphere (water), & atmosphere (air)
1,000 BC
year that rabbits were domesticated
Companion animals, poultry, livestock, exotic
Scope animals of vetmed; animals belonging to the Phylum Chordata
Medicine and surgery
Academic discipline in vetmed that deals w/the nature & treatment of diseases, as well as medical interventions
quadraped (4-footed animals); w/mammary glands (ex. horses, sheep, goats, cattle, pigs)
Physical state
refers to the basic health & functioning & addresses the physical fitness of animals (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)
domestic animals
docile/tame animals; in close association w/humans
10,000 BC
year that dogs were domesticated
Production Indicators (MEGB)
- Meat & milk production - Egg & wool production - Growth & development - Body weight
9,000 BC
year that sheep and goats were domesticated
welfare science
considers the effects of humans to animals from the animals POV; animal management, treatment of disease (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)
Physical Indicators (BFHW)
- Body condition - Facial expression - Hair (mammals) & feather (Poultry) condition - Walking pattern
Academic discipline in vetmed about animal functions
4,000 BC
year that cattle, oxen, & buffaloes were domesticated
Behavioral Indicators (ACNI)
- Alertness of the animals - Animal’s curiosity - Normal range of behavior - Interaction with other animals & humans
animals that don't have backbones includes the Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms & tapeworms), Phylum Nemathelminthes (roundworms), Phylum Porifera (sponges)
Animal Welfare
considers the animal’s actual feeling, animal sensation & animal psychological well-being
welfare science, welfare ethics, welfare legislation
Enumerate the 3 Essential Aspects of Welfare
1. Freedom from hunger & thirst: nutrition 2. Freedom from discomfort: physical environment 3. Freedom from pain, injury, & disease: health 4. Freedom to express normal behavior: behavior 5. Freedom from fear & stress: mental state
5 Freedoms in Animal Welfare
14th century
year that turkeys were domesticated
Physiological Indicators (HRBCF)
o Heart rate (corresponds to the pulse rate) o Respiratory rate (slow/fast breathing) o Body temperature (rectal temperature) o Cortisol level (hormone released from the adrenal cortex from the adrenal grand that corresponds to stress) o Feed intake
Academic discipline in vetmed that deals with drugs and medication
19th - 20th century
year that ostriches were domesticated
the first animal to be domesticated
year that hamsters were domesticated
refers to the physical, mental, & overall well being of animals
welfare ethics
considers human actions towards animals; include use of laboratory animals (3 Essential Aspects of Welfare)
3,000 BC
year that cats & horses were domesticated
Nutrition, Physical environment, Health, Behavior, Mental state
Enumerate the 5 domains in animal welfare
3,000 - 1,000 BC
year that camels were domesticated
Physical state, mental state, and naturalness
Enumerate the 3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare
mental state
considers the emotional state so that animals should feel mentally well & have positive emotions (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)
7,000 BC
year that pigs were domesticated
emphasizes that animals should be able to live reasonably natural lives to perform normal behavior; shouldn’t be kept in captivity (3 Circle Model in Animal Welfare)
Indicators of Animal Welfare
Signs to be observed from animals if they are in positive/negative welfare
Academic discipline in vetmed about animal diseases
5 Domains in Animal Welfare
- A scientific structure that evaluates the animal’s welfare - Acknowledging how they experience emotions both positive & negative
Academic discipline in vetmed about microbes (bacteria, fungi & viruses)