ap gov chapter 1 flashcards

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40 Terms
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Elitist Democracy
a small group of the rich and powerful holds the most powerful
Pluralist Democracy
interest groups hold the power and lobby for public policy
Popular Sovereignty
Rousseau, government is created by and subject to the will of the people.
Participatory Democracy
People vote directly on laws
articles of confederation weakness 1
it was difficult to get anything done when nine all states had to agree unanimously
articles of confederation weakness 2
the congress could not tax the people directly
Articles of confederation weakness 3
the national government couldn't raise or maintain an army
articles of confederation weakness 4
there was no national court system or national currency
articles of confederation weakness 5
congress couldn't regulate commerce among the states
The Virginia Plan
three branches, bicameral legislature, supremacy of national government, separation of powers
The New Jersey Plan
sovereignty of states, limited and defined powers of national legislature
The Great Compromise
members of the House of Representatives apportioned by population; each state given two senators
3/5ths Compromise
only 3 of every 5 slaves could be counted for the purpose of representation in the house of representatives
electoral college
states decide how their electors are chosen with each state having the same number of electors as they had representatives in Congress
Enumerated Powers
limited list of powers, including the power to tax, borrow money, raise an army, create a postal system, address piracy on the seas
Commerce clause
regulate commerce with other nations and among the several states
necessary and proper clause
implicit powers, right to pass any laws and have any powers that support the powers that are already given to them
habeas corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
bills of attainder
legislative acts declaring one guilty of a crime, instead of declaring something illegal, since they skip the judicial process
ex post facto laws
making an act illegal after one has commited it
What the states cant do
enter treaties, coin money, or tax exports
Article 2
Executive branch, outlines role of the president, oversees and manages US military, receives foreign ambassadors and send US ambassadors abroad
Article 1
Legislative branch, what Congress can do, what they cant do, what the states cant do
Article 3
Judicial branch, Supreme Court and Congress can create inferior courts, federal courts have jurisdiction over cases involving federal law, president appoints supreme court justices and other federal judges with approval of senate
Article 4
Relations among states
Full faith and credit clause
states must be open and respect eachothers laws
Amendment Process
Step 1: Proposal • National level • 2 ways to propose: o 2/3 of Congress o 2/3 of State legislatures ask Congress to call a National Convention Step 2: Approval • State Level • 2 ways to ratify: o 3/4ths of state legislatures o 3/4ths of state conventions
Article 6
Established national supremacy avoided in the AoC Supremacy clause ensures all states adhere to the Constitution No religious test will be required to take a govt office
Supremacy Clause
makes sure constitution is supreme law of land, all states must adhere to constitution
Article 7
Ratification process
Amendment 1
freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and protest
Amendment 2
right to bear arms
amendment 3
no quartering of troops
amendment 4
no unreasonable searches and seizures
amendment 5
indictment, no double jeapordy, protection against self incrimination, due process
amendment 6
speedy, public trail by jury of peers; cross-examination; right to defense counsel
amendment 7
lawsuits and juries
amendment 8
no cruel or unusual punishments, no excessive fines
amendment 9
listing rights in the constitution doesnt deny other rights one may have
amendment 10
delegated and reserved powers