1. all passengers must wear seatbelts
2. driver is responsible for all passengers under 18
3. 18 and over responsible for themselves (in front seat)
4. 18 and over passengers in backseat can be ticketed for not wearing seatbelts
5. drivers in GDL program must require all passengers to use a seatbelt
seatbelts save and improve motorist’s chances of surviving by what percent?
how many times better of surviving a crash if wearing seatbelt?
prevent the motorists and passengers from being thrown from the vehicle/slow the body down
if a vehicle stops...
you keep going at the same speed
child under the age of 4 and weighing less than 40 pounds (or under age 2 and 30 pounds)...
need to be seated in rear facing approved restraint
child under age of 8 and height of 57 inches...
need to be seated in forward facing child restraint/approved booster seat
what happens when there's no backseat?
child can be placed in front seat with proper restraint, but cannot be a rear facing restraint
child 12 years and younger...
sits in the backseat
when failing to comply with seatbelt laws in relation to children, fines are...
standard equipment required in new passenger cars and light trucks
how fast do bags infate?
from 1987-2015, airbags have saved...
responsibility falls on the ___ to make sure vehicle is in working condition.
violators will be fined ___ for bad car condition. this amount increases to ____ if the car is damaged because of snow/ice.
odorless, colorless gas in vehicle exhaust
carbon monoxide poisoning can be caused by....
vehicle with exhaust leak/poorly tuned engine, operating vehicle with trunk/tailgate open, vehicle with holes, idling, blocked tailpipe
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include...
headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea/vomiting, chest pain, confusion
when getting into a parked car...
check the surrounding on the car for things that can't be seen from driver's seat
when getting into a parked car, make sure that...
windows and mirrors clean, adjust the seat for leg room and steering wheel, adjust mirrors, seatbelts are fastened, doors are locked
when idling, restrict it to __ or less. if not, you can be fined __.
3 minutes, $250-1000
what comes into play when trying to stop?
reaction time, weather and visibility, vehicle weight, brake conditions, condition and type of tires, roadway conditions
ABS stands for...
anti-locking brake system
what is the old braking system called?
conventional drum and disk brake
how many feet away should you turn on the turn signal?
horns can also alert other drivers when turning. use a horn from __ ft away.
what are the basic steps of driving in reverse?
Make sure the path is clear using mirrors and turning, turn to the right so you can see the back clearly, place your right arm on the back of the passenger's seat, grasp the steering wheel.
you will be asked to reverse about __ ft during road test.
are backup cameras and parking sensors allowed during the road test?
when turning, use either your __ or a _. slow down when approaching ___.
turn signal, hand signal, intersections
angled parking is usually found in __.
when you're backing out...
make sure vehicle is clear, tap horn to warn nearby pedestrians, check surroundings, make sure front wheel clears the bumper
when parking downhill...
hand wheel should be set, steering wheel should be turned RIGHT, towards the curb)
when parking uphill,
hand wheel should be set, steering wheel should be turned AWAY from the curb
what is a common contributing factor to crashes?
rules of speed control include...
staying w/ flow of traffic, keep safe distance from other traffic, be aware of road/weather condition and adjust your speed
when should you slow down?
narrow/winding roads, intersections/railroads, hills, sharp/blind curves, when there's pedestrians/obstacles, when road is slippery/wet
when there's a problem w/ the vehicle, you should...
pull over and turn on hazard lights
go 25mph when in a...
school zones, business/residential districts
go 35mph when in a...
suburban, business/residential districts
go 50mph when in...
non-posted rural roadways
go 55mph when in...
certain state highways/interstates
go 65 mph when in...
certain interstate highways
fines are doubled for speeding when...
exceeding 10mph over the limit in the 65mph zone
passing is usually on the __, and is on the ___ only in certain situations.
places to NEVER pass include:
hill, curve, street intersection, railroad crossing, narrow bridges, underpass, tunnels
NJ law requires that all drivers keep to the...
right, except when passing
when government vehicles approach, you should...
yield the right of way
failure to stop for pedestrians includes...
$500 fines, 25 days in jail, community service, driving privilege suspension up to 6 months
shared responsibilities among drivers and pedestrians include...
watching when turning on red, obey speed limits, and avoiding blocking/parking in crosswalks
what are the three types of intersections?
controlled, uncontrolled, traffic circle
at a multi-way or stop intersection, you must come to a stop...
5 feet from the crosswalk/stop line
you must ___ and ___ to traffic on intersecting roadway, even if you have to stop.
slow down, yield
if you are making a ___ turn, yield to incoming traffic.
blind line of sight is...
obstructed line of sight
for traffic circles, NJ has...
no laws for driving into, around and out- common sense prevails at all times.
highways, parkways, and turnpikes...
have multiple lanes, are high speed, travel in one direction on separate sides (no direct intersections)
an acceleration lane...
is used to speed up to enter highway. (must yield to incoming traffic and use turn signal)
a deceleration lane...
is used to leave a highway. (must use turn signal, DO NOT TURN BACK IF YOU MISS AN EXIT.)
two lanes into one
when approaching a curve...
look for curve signs, slow down before entering
for express traffic- no direct intersections or traffic lights
are you allowed to make a turn on red in NJ?
yes (unless posted)
what can tell you to stop?
signs, lights, officer, right-of-way
you should stop for...
school bus, bridge that opens, before entering traffic, solid white lines, RR crossings, ice cream trucks
Move Over Law
requires changing lanes when approaching a stationary emergency vehicle
violating the move over law can have you face a fine between
when should you use headlights?
30-60 min after sunset, before sunrise, 500ft or less visibility, smoke/fog
when can you use bright headlights?
open country driving, no other cars, DO NOT USE WHEN NEAR OTHER CARS
when can you use dim headlights?
driving in city/roadways
other vehicle lights include...
tail lights, brake lights, interim lights, dashboard lights, fog lights
1. __ feet of a fire hydrant
2. within __ feet of a crosswalk or sideline of a street
3. within __ feet of railroad crossing
4. __ feet of a stop sign
5. __ feet of the driveway entrance to a fire station
6. __ feet away on the opposite side of fire station
10, 25, 50, 50, 20, 75
parking next to a parked vehicle in the street is called... (it is illegal. don't do it.)
can you lose your license for throwing an object while moving (littering)?
if you use a cellphone while driving,
1. ____ 1st offense
2. ____ 2nd offense within 10 years of the 1st
3. ____ 3rd offense within 10 years of the 2nd
4. _ points toward your license
5. __-day license suspension
$200-400, $400-600, $600-800, 3, 90
remember to study student questions and posted study guide