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Competency 1: Demonstrate Ethical and Professional Behavior
• make ethical decisions by applying the standards of the NASW Code of Ethics, relevant laws and regulations, models for ethical decision-making, ethical conduct of research, and additional codes of ethics as appropriate for context; • use reflection and self-regulation to manage personal values and maintain professionalism in practice situations; • demonstrate professional demeanor in behavior; appearance; and oral, written, and electronic communication; • use technology ethically and appropriately to facilitate practice outcomes; and • use supervision and consultation to guide professional judgment and behavior.
Competency 2: Engage Diversity and Difference in Practice
• apply and communicate understanding of the importance of diversity and difference in shaping life experiences in practice at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels; • present themselves as learners and engage clients and constituencies as experts of their own experiences; and • apply self-awareness and self-regulation to manage the influence of personal biases and values in working with diverse clients and constituencies.
Competency 3: Advance Human Rights and Social, Economic, and Environmental Justice
• apply their understanding of social, economic, and environmental justice to advocate for human rights at the individual and system levels; and • engage in practices that advance social, economic, and environmental justice.
Competency 4: Engage in Practice-informed Research and Research-informed Practice
• use practice experience and theory to inform scientific inquiry and research; • apply critical thinking to engage in analysis of quantitative and qualitative research methods and research findings; and • use and translate research evidence to inform and improve practice, policy, and service delivery.
Competency 5: Engage in Policy Practice
• Identify social policy at the local, state, and federal level that impacts well-being, service delivery, and access to social services; • assess how social welfare and economic policies impact the delivery of and access to social services; • apply critical thinking to analyze, formulate, and advocate for policies that advance human rights and social, economic, and environmental justice.
Competency 6: Engage with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities
• apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks to engage with clients and constituencies; and • use empathy, reflection, and interpersonal skills to effectively engage diverse clients and constituencies
Competency 7: Assess Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities
• collect and organize data, and apply critical thinking to interpret information from clients and constituencies; • apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in the analysis of assessment data from clients and constituencies; • develop mutually agreed-on intervention goals and objectives based on the critical assessment of strengths, needs, and challenges within clients and constituencies; and • select appropriate intervention strategies based on the assessment, research knowledge, and values and preferences of clients and constituencies.
Competency 8: Intervene with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities
• critically choose and implement interventions to achieve practice goals and enhance capacities of clients and constituencies; • apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in interventions with clients and constituencies; • use inter-professional collaboration as appropriate to achieve beneficial practice outcomes; • negotiate, mediate, and advocate with and on behalf of diverse clients and constituencies; and • facilitate effective transitions and endings that advance mutually agreed-on goals.
Competency 9: Evaluate Practice with Individuals, Families, Groups, Organizations, and Communities
• select and use appropriate methods for evaluation of outcomes; • apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment, person-in-environment, and other multidisciplinary theoretical frameworks in the evaluation of outcomes; • critically analyze, monitor, and evaluate intervention and program processes and outcomes; and • apply evaluation findings to improve practice effectiveness at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels.
A house built originally by a charitable person or organization for poor people to live in. Provided for the impotent poor which includes those who were physically or mentally unable to work. They were given either "indoor relief (i.e. placed inside institutions providing food and shelter called almshouses) or "outdoor relief" (i.e. offered to live outside of the institution but receive material help in the from of food, clothing, and fuel). Original "Home shelter"
Systems Theory
Attempts to understand the group as a system of interacting elements, Most widely used
SOAP note
Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan
Damage to the mind after a distressing event affecting one's ability to cope or integrate the emotions involved in that type of experience
values in the NASW Code of Ethics
1.) Service, 2.) Social Justice, 3.)Dignity and worth of person, 4.) Importance of human relationships, 5.) Integrity, 6.) Competence
Open questions
These questions allow for the client to give more information with in the answer. Examples would be: tell me more, what was that like for you, how did that make you feel.
Closed questions
Easy answer questions that have one word answer. Questions that don't offer a lot of information to in the answer. Examples: how many, can you, will you
What does SMART stand for when creating goals?
S : specific M: measurable A: attainable R: realistic T: time orientated
generalist practice?
The use of the problem solving process to intervene with systems of various sizes, including individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities.
What is the significance of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601?
considered the first piece of legislation establishing coherent, consistent public support for needy people through local taxes.
What is the definition and purpose of group work?
Goal directed activity with small treatment and task groups aimed at meeting socioemotional needs and accomplishing tasks. Directed to individual members of a group and to the group as a whole within a system of service delivery.
Define a task group
Organized - the overarching goal is to accomplish something. any group whose purpose is to accomplish a goal that is neither intrinsically nor immediately linked to the needs of the members of the group
What are the stages of group development?
Beginning: Forming, Middle: Storming, End: Norming
SOLER or attentive posture
Squarely face the person, assume an open body position, lean slightly towards them, maintain eye contact, do so in relaxed manner
What is an ethical dilemma? Or define what comprises an ethical dilemma?
a decision-making problem between two possible moral imperatives, neither of which is unambiguously acceptable or preferable. The complexity arises out of the situational conflict in which obeying one would result in transgressing another. A conflict in two sets of boundaries.
Five part model of change
Pre-contemplation, Contemplation, Preparation, Action, Maintenance
Micro Level Social Work
Direct interaction with individuals. Helping people find housing, health care and social services.
Mezzo level of social work
Works with groups as opposed to the individual. Smallest unit being the family but often works to solve issues in businesses, schools organizations and communities
Macro Level of Social Work
Large scale advocacy and interventions. Working with communities, states or even countries.
Piget Stages of Development
1. Sensory motor 0-2 years 2. Pre-operational 2-7 years 3. Concrete operations 7-11 years 4. Formal operations 12 years and beyond
Dual Relationship
refers to any situation where multiple roles exist between a therapist and a client.
Belief that one race is superior to another
A special favor, right, or advantage given to a person or group.
null hypothesis
a statement or idea that can be falsified, or proved wrong
family boundaries
symbolic line demarcating who is included in the family or subsystem and who is not and who fits within a particular system or subsystem
rigid boundaries
rules and roles are completely inflexible. These families tend to have members that isolate themselves
defused boundaries
Disengaged family; all in there own little world, child does whatever they want; no rules; blurred lines
Purpose of boundaries
Protect and provide structure to the family system
Stages of the Family Life Cycle
1. Launching the single young adult 2. Joining through marriage 3. Families with young children 4. Families with Adolescents 5. Launching Children and moving on 6. Boomerang stage 7. Later in Life
Launching of single young adult
separating from the family of origin but still connected to them; making their own life goals and choices; supporting themselves, living on their own; problems: relationship change with family of origin; hierarchy changes adult to adult; young adults accept their parents where they are
Joining Through Marriage
forming a new system like marital system; realigning the family of origin and friends; joining of 2 systems and making a 3rd system; maintaining relationships; making up the rules and roles for your own system; problems: boundary issues, marriage is different from men and women; achieving successful compromise and communication; women who are married do not show a better well being
The process by which a person unconsciously and inappropriately displaces (transfers) onto individuals in his or her current life those patterns of behavior and emotional reactions that originated in relation to significant figures in childhood
Circumstances in which a psychoanalyst develops personal feelings about a client because of perceived similarity of the client to significant people in the therapist's life.
Psychodynamic therapy?
Focuses on unconscious processes as they are manifested in a person's present behavior.
evidence-based practice
clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
positive stress
productive stress that provides strength to accomplish a task
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
The amoralistic orientation in social work is mostly concerned with what?
ethical terms or language, as well as the derivation of ethical principles and guidelines
This normative ethical approach is a subcategory of the teleological approach, and considers the consequences that are best for the one making the decision.
In which century did the Morality Period (of social work ethical history) occur?
19th Century
a trait or character that is socially desirable
Instrumental values
James Rokeach referred to those values about how we behave as _
The belief that ethical principles are universal and unchanging is known as
terminal values
James Rokeach referred to the values that have to do with the way we want life of the world around us to be
Moral philosophers have traditional identified three central questions within which most, if not all, ethical issues can be subsumed. These are:
Authorative, distributive, substative
Veil of ignorance
Justice Ethics, in which the ethical decision is made as if the person making the decision does not know how the self would affected.
In what way can the following NASW ethical standard be characterized? 6.03 Public emergencies social workers should provide appropriate professional services in public emergenices to the greatest extent possible.
the first NASW code of ethics contained:
a preamble and 14 principles formulated as "I" statements
the current NASW code of ethics is comprised of four main sections
Preamble, Purpose, Ethical principles, Ethical standards
Which of the following is not a major division of the standards of the current NASW Code of ethics?
Social worker's ethical responsibilities in professional decorum
this occur when a worker's needs or interests threaten to take precedence over those of the client or otherwise impede the practitioner's ability to carry out her/her professional responsibilities.
Conflict of interest
Which sections of the NASW code of ethical standards is the largest?
Social workers' ethical responsibility to clients
Which of the following would be violation of the NASW code of ethics?
Discussing specific case information with another social worker on a crowded bus.
Which of the following, according to the NASW Code of Ethics, is the social workers's primary responsibility?
to promote the well-being of one's client
Which Core value aligns with this Ethical Principle: Social workers practice within their areas of competence and develop and enhance their professional expertise?
Family of Origin
Family you were raised in
Family Systems Theory
a larger whole made of of smaller interacting parts; concepts: a change of one member effects the rest of the family members, focus of the adults change; the family as a whole is more than it's sum of its parts; families try to balance change and instability
two people in a family are in conflict; pulls in a third person; for example parents are fighting and pull in a kid
Miracle Question
Suppose you woke up tomorrow and a miracle had occurred and the problem had been solved. How would you know? What would be different?
the truth-teller of the family and will often verbalize or act out the "problem" which the family is attempting to cover up or deny. This individual's behavior warrants negative attention and is a great distraction for everyone from the real issues at hand.
Year the Social Security Act passed
plessy v ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal
15th ammendment
voting rights; all citizens have the right to vote no matter what, color, race, previous condition of servitude. women could still not vote
13th amendment
Abolished Slavery
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A leader of the women's suffrage movement-A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
Protestant Work Ethic
way of life based on Biblical teaching that God expects all men to work and all work is a noble duty to be performed toward God
Indoor Relief
Assistance given to the poor and the needy through placement in institutions, such as poor-houses, orphanages, and prisons.
outdoor Relief
providing cash assistance that allowed individuals to remain in their own homes
progressive Era
time at the turn of the 20th century in which groups sought to reform America economically, socially, and politically
A federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them.
A federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older. Funding is 100% federal ( Medi CARE s for old people)
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program was started
Through SSI the federal government took over responsibility for
the blind, the disabled, old people who had never worked, etc
Dred Scott Decision
A Missouri slave sued for his freedom, claiming that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory made free land by the Missouri Compromise had made him a free man. The U.S, Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Polygyny is found on every continent but is less common than polyandry.
Feminist perspective
theoretical perspective that focuses on gender as the most important source of conflict and inequality in social life
family resilience perspective
An approach to family that seeks to identify and strengthen family processes that allow families to bear up under and rebound from distressing life experiences
Exogamy rules dictate that mates must be chosen from outside the group -that you may not marry your brother.
Conflict Approach
communities can be understood by examining their power structure and patterns of domination and coercion.
human relations theory
Human relationships are central to organizational efficiency and effectiveness
Five steps of assessment
Exploration , inferential thanking, evaluate families capacity, Defined the problem, plan the intervention with the family
Think of quality you descriptive measures questions may look like what interventions did you use the most
Think in terms of numbers use measures provides numerical data questions may be on a scale of 1 to 5 how affective was something
generalist intervention model (GIM)
1. engagement 2. assessment 3. plan 4. implementation 5. evaluation 6. termination 7. follow up
S: specific M: measurable A: attainable R: relevant T: time-bound
-establish relationship -maintaining relationship -lays foundation -can affect other activities of the helping progress -may be complicated
go through family elements
-talk about problems -talk about what to do now
put plan into action
what worked and what did not work
problem has been solved
A form of documentation diagramming a family's social environment.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Conditions that share similar characteristics in the areas of social interaction, verbal or nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors or interests. Unusual responses to sensory stimuli are often present. Key word: Spectrum! There are similar characteristics but great variance in the behaviors that are exhibited.
In relation to the NASW Code of Ethics, what is the difference between privacy and confidentiality?
Privacy restricts the public from accessing the personal details about a person, whereas Confidentiality protects the information from the range of unauthorised persons.
Psychology is the study of what?
Study of Human Mind and Behavior
What is a stereotype?
A fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people.
descriptions of Counselor
One who provides guidance to clients and assists them in a planned-change or problem-solving process.
descriptions of educator
One who gives information and teaches skills to others.
descriptions of mediator
One who resolves arguments or disagreements among individual, family, group, organizational, or community systems in conflict.
descriptions of Case Manager
A practitioner who, on the behalf of a specific client, coordinates needed services provided by any number of agencies, organizations, or facilities.
descriptions of broker
One who links client systems to needed resources
description of Researcher
a person who carries out academic or scientific research.
descriptions of Community Change Agent
A community change agent participates as part of a group or organization seeking to improve or restructure some aspect of community service provision. A change agent, working with others, uses a problem-solving model to identify the problem, solicit community input, and plan for change.
What is a growth group?
Groups aimed at expanding self-awareness, increasing potential, and maximizing health and well-being, "especially through improved relationships with others. They provide a supportive atmosphere in which individuals can gain insights, experiment with new behaviors, get feedback, and grow as human beings. The bond in growth groups stems from members' commitment to help one another develop and maximize their potential."
What is the difference between conservatism, liberalism, and radicalism?
Conservatism is the philosophy that individual's are responsible for themselves, government shouldttilosophy that government should be involved in the social, political, and economic structure so that all people's rights and privileges are protected in the name of social justice. They often seek change and tend to think there's always a better way to get things done. THey have a more positive perspective on human nature than conservatives. THey view people as rational beings fully capable of making their own choices and decisions about what is right and wrong. They view government as the best entity to provide a structure and an environment where adequate services and opportunities can be available. Radicalism A philosophy that the social and political system as it stands is not structurally capable of truly providing social justice. Rather, drastic, fundamental changes are necessary in the basic social and political structure to achieve truly fair and equal treatment.
What is the gender lens?
needed to understand work-family links and transformations. A gender lens enriches the study of work and family issues by prodding researchers to transcend gender stereotypes, to see gender as an institution, to recognize the multifaceted nature of recent social change, and to acknowledge the strengths and needs of diverse family forms.
What is the definition of forensic social work?
According to the National Organization of Forensic Social Work (NOFSW), forensic social work is defined as the "application of social work principles to questions and issues relating to law and legal systems." Under this definition, forensic social work is concerned with various types of litigation, including child custody issues, child neglect, spouse abuse, juvenile or adult justice services, corrections, and civil disputes.
What is the difference between incest and child neglect?
Incest is sexual relations between people who are considered too closely related to marry (can be a form of child abuse). Child neglect is a form of child abuse in which a child's basic needs are not met by the caretaker.
What is respite care?
Care that is planned or an emergency to give caregivers short-term periods of time of relief from caregiving.
Define living will.
A living will defines what the patient does or does not want medically, should they become incapacitated. I.e., DNR's, life support.
What is the definition of HMOs?
Health Maintenance Organization. An individual must seek care within that specific network to get coverage (ex: Kaiser Permanente). Type of insurance that you have to do in the specific place you are told.
In relation to Values and Ethics, what is the definition of self-determination?
Self-determination each individual's right to make his or her own decisions. Practitioner's are responsible for informing clients about available resources; helping them to find and articulate their alternatives; and assisting them in evaluating the consequences of each option.The goal is to assist clients in making the best, most informed choices possible.
In relation to social work practice, what is feedback?
Feedback is the process of giving people information (positive or negative) about their performance/behavior.
What do clinical social workers do?
Previously called psychiatric social workers, clinical social work means that they provide psychotherapy to clients to address mental health issues and other life problems. They may also work for other types of mental health agencies. Private practitioners.
What is addiction?
Dependence on some substance; now referred to as substance dependence.
What is the difference between minimization, rationalization, and denial?
Denial: insisting to one's self that nothing is wrong. Minimization: assigning little importance to a problem or it's consequences. Rationalization: attempting to explain or justify a problem/behavior
What is a facilitator?
An individual who guides a group experience, for example, a support group.
In relation to social work practice in criminal justice, what is rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation intends to help criminals become productive members of society who no longer commit crimes. Rehabilitation can be through programs involving therapy, education and job training.
Define a treatment group
educational, processing - social emotional foundation
Advantages of task groups
Used to find solutions to organizational problems, generate new ideas, and make new decisions. Specific goals and agenda. Specific roles. Infrequent disclosure. More formal. Composed of members with necessary resources and expertise.
Examples of treatment groups
therapy or recovery
Learning Theory
Primary focus is on the behavior of individuals rather than on the behavior of the group, Ignores the importance of group dynamics, Bandura
Narrative Theory
Focus is on how group members create and maintain, Tell a story - what is your story? Heal through your story
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
is a psycho-social intervention that aims to improve mental health. CBT focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviors, improving emotional regulation, and the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems.
Motivational Interviewing
is a directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. It is most centrally defined not by technique but by its spirit as a facilitative style for interpersonal relationship
Group cohesion
a result of all forces acting on members to remain in a group
Group dynamics
Communication and interaction patterns, Cohesion, Social integration, Group culture
How does a facilitator create and manage safety in group work?
Setting ground rules when group starts, lay a foundation of expectations and norms, screening
What are the power bases of leadership?
legitimate, reward, expert, referent, coercive, informational
Describe the legitimate power base of leadership
authority, the leader is credible and legitimate
Describe the reward power base of leadership
the ability of leader to give members rewards
Describe the expert power base of leadership
the leader is an expert in the field and is very knowledgeable
Describe the referent power base of leadership
the leader deserves respect and is likeable
Describe the informational power base of leadership
the leader is the person who has the information members may need