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67 Terms
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developed democracy
a country with institutionalized democracy and a high level of economic development
characterized as secular, rational, materialistic, technological, and bureaucratic and placing a greater emphasis on individual freedom than in the past
post modern
characterized as a set of values that center on quality of life considerations and give less attention to material gain
intergovernmental system
a system in which two or more countries cooperate on issues
supranational system
an intergovernmental system with its own sovereign powers over member states
Basic law
Germany's current constitution
the upper house of Germany's legislature
the lower house of Germany's legislature
catchall parties
parties that attempt to attract voters of of all classes and are therefore generally centrist in their platform
Christian democratic union
Germany's largest Conservative party
the system requiring unions occupy half of all seats on the boards of directors of Germany's largest private firms
federal chancellor
Germany's prime minister and head of government
Federal constitutional court
The powerful court that interprets Germany's basic law
Federal president
the indirectly elected largely ceremonial head of state
Federal republic of Germany
the official name of the democratic West Germany during the postwar division of Germany
free democratic party
a small centrist party that has often formed part of governing coalitions
the German term for guest worker or foreign workers allowed to reside temporarily to provide much needed labor
German democratic republic
the official name of Communist east Germany during the postwar division of Germany
The Greens
Germany's environmentalist party
Adolf Hitler
the Nazi leader during the third reich who led Germany to defeat in ww2
German states
The left
The party furthest to the left out of all Germany's major parties; an alliance of leftist social democrats and remnants of former east German communists
Angela Merkel
Germany's conservative chancellor as of 2017
the governor of a German state
natinal socialist party
Hitlers fascist nazi party
the most powerful German state before reunification
the German word for empire
the 1990 integration of east and west Germany
socialist democratic party
Germany's oldest party located on the center left
social market economy
the term used in Germany to describe the country's capitalist economy with strong social democratic features
Third reich
the name hitler gave to his fascist totalitarian regime
Weimar republic
Germany's first democratic republic, the collapse led to the rise of hitler
Germany's legislative/executive system
mixed single member districts and proportional representation
electoral system for the lower house
members in the Bundestag
members in the Bundesrat
public debt
Shinzo abe
conservative national liberal democratic party politician and two time prime minister
Prime minister Abe's three pronged plan for economic recovery including monetary easing, fiscal stimulus, and structural reform
administrative guidance
extralegal policy directives from government officials to private sector
"descent from heaven" , retiring Japanese senior bureaucrats take up positions in corporations or run for political office
article 9
the clause in Japans postwar constitution that requires Japan to renounce the right to wage war; also known as the peace clause
capatalist developmental state
Japan's neo-mercantilist state, which has embraced both private property and state economic intervention
democratic party of Japan
Social democratic party in government from 2009 -12; formed the merger of reform-minded opposition parties in 1998 and reformed as the democratic party after a subsequent 2016 merger
Japan's bicameral parliament
house of councillors
the upper and weaker chamber of Japan's Parliament
industrial policy
government measures designed to promote economic and industrial development
iron triangle
a term describing the Conservative alliances among Japan's bureaucrat elites, conservative politicians and big business executives
Yurikio Koike
Japan's first female governor of Tokyo, also the founder of the party of hope
a minor political party and LDP coalition partner founded and supported by lay members of Buddhist religious movement Soka Gakkai
Douglas MacArthur
Us general who presided over the 7 year occupation of Japan
Meiji Oligarchs
the vanguard of junior samurai who led Japan's 19th century modernization drive
Meiji restoration
Japan's 1867-68 revolution from above, which launched Japans modernization in the name of the Meiji emperor
pork barrel projects
government appropriation or other policy supplying funds for local improvements to integrate legislatures with their constituents
rich country strong military
the mercantilist slogan promoting Japan's 19th century modernization efforts
self defense force
Japans military, ostensibly permitted only defensive capacity
a dominant lord in feudal Japan
Taishio democracy
the era of democratization in Japan ( 1918-1931
the military clan that unified and ruled Japan from the 17th-19th century
twisted diet
the situation in which no party or coalition of parties controls both chambers of Japan's Parliament
465 seats
seats in the house of Representatives , directly elected in single and multiple districts
245 seats
seats in the house of councillors, elected by single majority and single proportional representation
a political system in which a small group of individuals exercise power over the state without being constitutionally responsible to the public
nondemocratic regimes
a political regime that is controlled by a small group of individuals who exercise power over the state without being constitutionally responsible to the public
a nondemocratic regime that is highly centralized, possessing some form of strong ideology that seeks to transform and absorb fundamental aspects of the state, society, and the economy using a wide array of institutions
resource curse
theory of development in which the existence of natural resources in a state is a barrier to modernization and democracy
a political view that does not have a constant ideological foundation, but that emphasizes hostility towards elites and established state and economic institutions and favors greater power in the hands of the public