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Ethics Test 2

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Ignorance
According to plato, the cause of moral evil and personal unhappiness is ____________
Avarice
In the development of an oligarchic character, one experiences a transition from ambition to _________ as the dominant motivating force in life.
Philosopher ruler
Plato’s ideals moral personality type is exemplified by the ____________ _________
Spirit
The faculty of the soul having success, glory, and honor as target objects is called __________
Appetite
The faculty of the soul which aims at goals like sexual gratification and the accumulation of material possessions is called ____________
Master passion
The tyrannical character is driven by a __________________
Tripartite
Plato conceptualizes the human soul in terms of a three part or _____________ division.
Self-realization ethics
The fact that Plato focuses on matters of developing personal character and states of mental being makes his moral theory a type of _______________________
Appearance
Ignorance causes us to confuse ____________ with reality.
Tyrannical character
The most unhappy and corrupt personality type for plato is the ____________________
Teleology
The doctrine of ____________ holds that things develop along the lines of the purposes for which they were designed.
Knowledge
The object of reason is ______________
Inner peace
Tranquility or _______________ is a major goal of self-realization
Democratic character
The ____________ makes no distinction between necessary and unnecessary desires.
Disorder
Disharmony or _____________ of the soul produces unhappiness in the individual.
Timarchic character
The __________________ has spirit as the dominant motivational force in life.
Oligarchic character
Money, profit seeking, and acquisitiveness are essential ingredients in the _________________
Idols of worship
Money, sex, drugs, alcohol, fame, glory, and honor are all _______________________
Reason
The faculty of __________ is the controlling factor in the ideal moral personality.
Ambition
Having ___________ may be essential in success, but it does not guarantee economic security
Teleologist
A philosopher who determines the goodness or rightness of some action or person by reference to ends and purposes could be described as a __________
Instrumentally
Actions performed for the sake of something else are _____________ valuable.
Intrinsically
Actions performed for their own sake are _____________ valuable.
Honor
The statesman’s life is one based on a pursuit of __________
Happiness
Aristotle contends that both the masses and men of culture agree that ____________ is the ultimate end of humankind.
Special function
One can determine the ultimate good of anything by making reference to its ___________________
Virtues
Courage, modesty, and righteous indignation are all examples of __________
States of character
Living the good life, for Aristotle, is less concerned with following rules and principles and more concerned with cultivating appropriate ____________________
The golden mean
If one lived one’s life in moderation, avoiding excess and deficiency, one would live according to _____________________
Intellectual, moral
There are two types of virtue: ___________ and __________