Module 1

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Internal, covert processes
In the definition of psychology mental process means?
Dr. Baker designs an experiment for studying lab rats' reactions to energy drinks in relation to problem solving. Dr. Baker is most interested in the goal of?
Results of the study by Cheryan et al suggest that changes must occur to the perception of the computer science field. This illustrates the goal of?
William James
Which of the following early psychologist would have been most likely to agree with the statement "the study of the mind should focus should focus on how it functions in everyday life"?
Mary Whiton Calkins
Who was the first woman to complete course work for a doctorate at Harvard University?
Which early perspective tried to return to a focus on scientific inquiry by ignoring the study of consciousness? Rejects the idea of free will
Which of the following perspectives focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics?
Which perspective offers the best explanation for schizophrenia?
Wesley has learned that if he cries with his mother in public, she will often get him a new toy or a piece of candy so as to quiet him. Which of the following explains Wesley's behavior?
Which perspective would a researcher be taking if she were studying a client's early childhood experiences and his resulting development of self?
Which of the following professionals in psychology has no medical training but has a doctorate degree?
If Dr. Swasey is like most psychologists, where does she probably work?
Reporting your results
In the scientific method, the final step is?
There is a tremendous amount of detail that can be gathered
The greatest advantage of using a case study is that?
A large amount of data can be gathered
The main advantage of a survey is that?
The group that gets to sleep
In an experiment to examine the effects of sleep deprivation on a complete of a puzzle, one group is allowed to sleep eight hours while another group is made to stay awake. In this experiment, the control group is?
Overt actions and reactions
In the definition of psychology, the term behavior mean?
A psychologist is interested in finding out why married couples seemingly begin to look like each other after several years of marriage. This psychologists is most interested in the goal of
Francis Cecil Sumner
Who is considered to be the father of African American psychology?
John Watson
Which psychologist dared to ignore the whole consciousness issue and return to a study of scientific inquiry by focusing on observable behavior?
Which perspective is often referred to as the "third force" in psychology and focuses on a person's freedom of choice and determining their behavior?
Which perspective best explains the bystander effect whereby individuals will be less likely to help someone in need because of the presence of others close by?
Dr. Colton identifies himself with the largest subfield of psychology. What kind of psychologist is he?
Micah has recently been diagnosed with a psychological disorder that is best addressed initially with medication. He would likely benefit the most by seeing a?
perceiving a question
Which step in the scientific method is derived from the goal of description?
testing a hypothesis
Brianne wants to find an explanation for the behavior of her lab rats in her study. Which step in the scientific method is she currently focusing on?
Case Study
The famous study of Phineas Gage, who survived when a mental rod pierced his skull, is an example of?
Wilhelm Wundt
Who is responsible for the Formal development of Psychology; Experimental Psychology
To identify elements of consciousness; Mind could be measured, Nature of consciousness could be revealed
Introduced Dialectic Method; breaking down of big questions into smaller ones to pursue a truth
“Mental disorders resulted from physical issues with the body”
Behavioral Neuroscience
Thoughts and emotions have a physical basis in the brain
Positive Psychology
Identifying and building positive mental assets for a meaningful and purposeful life
Deals with the unconscious; motivation by unseen forces
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
All knowledge comes from experiences; John Locke
Structures of the mind and What it is
Activities of the mind and What it does
William James
Consciousness is ongoing and continuous
G Stanley Hall
Responsible for the First Psychology Lab in America; American Journal of Psychology; American Psychology Association
Margaret Floy Washburn
First American Woman to earn a PhD in Psychology at Harvard; Only second to become Woman Assoc President
Selective Breeding
Flashbulb memory
Highly significant and vividly remembered memory of an event
Tip of the Tongue Phenomenon
Surety of knowing an information but failure for retrieval
Frederic Bartlett
Pioneer of Cognitive Psychology
Western Psychology
Eastern Psychology
Relationship between Mental and Material
Systematic approach to evidence; set of attitudes and skills to prevent us from fooling ourselves
Psychological Bias
Tendency to make decisions in an illogical way
Confirmation Bias
Seek out evidences that support our claims and dismiss those that contradicts them
Belief perseverance
Tendency to stick with our initial beliefs even if evidence contradicts them
Lacks safeguards against Psychological biases and are not supported by evidence
Scientific Theory
Set of related assumptions tat allows the use of logical deductive reasoning to formulate testable hypotheses
Inductive Reasoning
Drawing General conclusions by reasoning with Specific premises
Deductive Reasoning
Drawing Specific conclusions by reasoning with General premises such as theories, laws, principles
Critical Thinking
Set of skills for evaluating claims with an open mind
Changes a person experiences until Death
Understanding our Mental Processing
Deals with concerns that are not necessarily Psychological issues
Assessment diagnosis; Largest Psychology subfield
Occam’s Razor
Does parsimony fit the data as well
Ruling out rival Hypothesis
Consider important alternative explanations for findings
Correlation is not Causation
Does A really cause B
When a claim can be disproven
Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence
Is the evidence as convincing as the findings
Can results be duplicated
Logical simplicity
White Man's Burden
Sense of obligation of the "superior" West to enlighten non-west on their misguided beliefs
Persistent East and West comparison; Binary vision of the World