unit 5- part 1 VOCABULARY

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25 Terms
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the state in which individuals become likely to do harm either to themselves or to others, representing a threat to their own or other people's safety
any behavior that differs significantly from what is considered appropriate or typical for a social group
unpleasant feelings or emotions that impact one's level of functioning. it is the result of maladaptive coping with stress
when behaviors or cognitive patterns interfere in an individual's ability to carry out daily activities- for example, hold down a job or maintain relationships
social norm definition
the informal rules that govern behavior in groups and societies
statistical frequency
a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is statistically uncommon, not seen very often in society
optimal mental health criteria
a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is outside of "healthy"
mental illness criteria
a behavior is seen as abnormal if it qualifies a predetermined list of symptoms per illness
maladaptive criteria
a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is likely to harm yourself or someone else- 2 or more factors must concur
abnormal EMOTIONS: intensity of emotion, depth of emotion, lack of emotion, inappropriate emotions
abnormal things we can all SEE: changes in routine, ritualistic behavior, social changes
abnormal thoughts, memories: voices, reoccurring thoughts, memory lapses, hallucinations
bodily symptoms: pain, fatigue, intense energy, sensory loss
diagnostic and statistical manual- standardized process that leads to a reliable result
icd 10
internal classification of diseases (europe)
chinese classification of mental disorders has unique cultural realities to china!
how consistent and stable the results of a diagnosis are
confirmation bias
a schema-driven bias when the clinician looks to confirm initial expectations
clinical bias
any bias that comes from the assumed role of healer to sick
sick role bias
when a person sees the clinician, the clinician is naturally motivated to diagnose
gender bias
due to schematic representation of women, they are more likely to be diagnosed by a clinician
the presence of two or more disorders
the extreme disapproval of a person or group as a result of some characteristic that differs from the norms followed by other members of society
labeling theory
the frame work for examining the negatives of giving a label for a diagnosis based on the fact that labels used in mental health focus on the "deviant" social behavior
self-fulfilling prophecy
believing you are mentally ill can cause you to attribute your own dysfunctional behaviors to a mental illness and lose an internal locus of control (blaming yourself)