PSYC 330 - Chapter 5

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition





Practice Test



40 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (40)
(t/f) gender differences in the effects of drugs are due primarily to body weight differences
(t/f) some individuals have an "addictive" personality that predisposes them to alcohol or drug use disorders
(t/f) expectancies about alcohol's effects may be a more powerful determinant of its effects than the pharmacological action of alcohol
(t/f) theories about the effects of drugs on humans always have taken into account social and environmental factors
(t/f) tolerance to a drug develops only because of biological changes that occur as a result of using the drug
(t/f) tolerance to a drug may be evident within the same occasion of using it
(t/f) people who have tolerance to alcohol will also demonstrate tolerance to barbiturates the first time they use them
(t/f) there is no relationship between the drugs that animals show preference for and the drugs that humans prefer
(t/f) the effects of a drug on animals tell us little about how that drug with affect humans
(t/f) in general, drug researchers are not concerned with placebo effects when studying the actions of a drug
(t/f) because new medications are needed to treat diseases like AIDS, government regulation of the process of drug development and marketing has been greatly simplified
(t/f) folk uses of naturally occurring products are important sources for discovering new drugs
initial sensitivity
effect of a drug on a first-time user
addictive personality
hypothesis of a personality structure common to all people with substance use disorders
drug expectancy
a person's anticipation of or belief about what they will experience upon taking a drug
dispositional tolerance
increase in rate of metabolizing a drug as a result of its regular use
functional tolerance
decreased behavioral effects of a drug as a result of its regular use
acute tolerance
type of functional tolerance that occurs within a course of action of a single drug dose
protracted tolerance
type of functional tolerance that occurs over the course of two or more drug administrations
behavioral tolerance
adjustment of behavior through experience in using a drug to compensate for its intoxicating effects
tolerance to a drug or drugs never taken that results from protracted tolerance to another drug or drugs
severe mental disorder whose symptoms include disorganized thinking and bizarre behavior
attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
disorder with features such as greater-than-normal amount of activity, restlessness, difficulty concentrating or sustaining attention, and impulsivity
contrary to what is expected - paradoxical drug effect is opposite in direction to what is expected based on drug's chemical structure
reverse tolerance
increased sensitivity to a drug with repeated use of it (a.k.a sensitization)
state of equilibrium or balance - systems are stable when disrupted - system operates to restore it
behavioral pharmacology
specialty area of psychopharmacology that concentrates on drug use as a learned behavior
consequence of a behavior that increases its future likelihood
consequence of a behavior that suppresses / decreases its future likelihood
self-administration study
study that involves testing whether research participants will "give themselves" a drug
drug discrimination study
research procedure that primarily concerns the differentiation of drug effects
conflict paradigm
research procedure that concerns the effects on a behavior of a drug that has a history of both reinforcement and punishment
applicability of a research finding from one setting or group of research participants to others
causal relationship
relationship between variables in which changes in a second variable are due directly to changes in a first variable
control group
reference or comparison group in an experiment - does not receive the experimental manipulation or intervention whose effect is being tested
placebo control
type of control originating in drug research - placebo subjects have the same makeup and are treated exactly like group of subjects who receive a drug, except that placebo subjects receive a chemically inactive substance
group design
type of experimental design where groups of subjects are compared to establish experimental findings
chemical name
name given to a drug that represents its chemical structure
brand name
commercial name given to a drug by its manufacturer
generic name
general name given to a drug that is shorter (and easier for most people to say) than its chemical name