Science 1.1 "What are Theories of Origins"

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition





Practice Test

43 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (43)
the beginning
the idea that God created the universe and all life
informed interventionism
-a broader concept that also acknowledges God's intervention at other times in history -used instead of the word "creation" -came up by scientists ex: the flood
-life arose spontaneously from non-living matter many millions of years ago -made by T.H. Huxley in 1870 -people believed in the idea of it in 1600s by believing that meat made maggots word = no life beginning or spontaneous generation
-all present life forms descended from a simple one-celled organism -believed by only evolutionists -major changes over time -hasn't been proved
spontaneous generation
the idea that life (living organisms) come from non-living matter
primoridal soup
-hypothesized that at some previous time, oceans were filled with CO2, methane, ammonia, hydrogen, and water -term made by Alexander Oparin
-a hypothesis that life began somewhere else such as comets and meteorites -term started when some scientists believed life was imossible to come from non-living matter word = outside beginning
fixity of species
people believed that life on Earth was exactly the same as what was created by God during creation week
artificial selection
-breeders purposely selected plans or animals with desireable characteristics next generation -helps with the evolution theory
natural selection
pattern of variation, greater survival, and successful reproduction
-small changes of characteristics over time -involves the process of evolutionary changes within populations -leads to sorts of variation that we see within species -believed by scientists and evolutionists
changes that occur when a gene is altered, damaged, or lost
-suggests that life is widespread throughout the universe -some scientists believed in the hypothesis, others didn't because it still doesn't explain how life started
intelligent design
-not creationism -doesn't describe origins from a religious pov -mostly relies on scientific evidence, not scripture -theory that states that living things + other features in the universe are best explained by a "_____ designer"
Biblical worldview
-a theory of origin -viewing the world through the creation of God -informed intervention -can't be tested on scientifically -believed only in faith -many belief its a myth -many believe these accounts were borrowed from famous myths
-collection of attitudes, values, stories, + expectations about the world around us -it informs our every action (influences us) -ex: all scientists are influenced by this
Naturalistic worldview
-a theory of origin -belief in abiogenesis + evolution -doesn't believe that a higher being created the world
study of origin
when scientists develop theories on how life began by looking through evidence
-wide acceptance based on scientific evidence -proven to be true due to perfomed experiments by scientists
scientific process
-observations that are made + experiments are performed -ex: helps scientists study how life began on earth
Doctors Gerhard + Michael Hasel
who found out that myths: creation happened through struggle Bible: creation happened through love
Francesco Redi
-Italian physician + biologist -experimented with abiogenesis in 1668
Redi's experiment
-experimented to prove that abiogenesis is false -life doesn't start from non-living matter -the source of the maggots were from flies laying tiny eggs that we can't see
knowt flashcard image
Louis Pasteur
-a scientist who later updated Redi's experiment with a special flask in the 1800s -even with enough oxygen, no live beings came out of the non-living matter
knowt flashcard image
20th century
when scientists started investigating where molecules came from
Alexander Oparin
-believed life came from the ocean - made the term "primordial soup" for it
Stanley Miller + Harold Urey
-experimented on abiogenesis by sealing in a container: water, methane, ammonia, CO2, + hydrogen (to resemble earth's atmosphere) -the theory was true back then, but is now false
Miller-Urey Experiment
experiment: -boiled water + several gases in a flask -sent electrical charges to it results: -several types of amino acids in mix -its possible for molcules (organic model) -some amino formed weren't ones found in living organisms
Miller-Urey Experiment issues
-some molecules created weren't useful in life -some processes broke down amino acids and molecules too fast -Earth's atmosphere may have been different back then -amino acids are only right hand or only left hand seperately (mirror images). the experiment showed both right hand + left hand acids.
RNA world
-RNA = ribonucleic acid, found in living cells -some scientists believe theres an this type of world -suggests that life began with RNA formed molecules -false theory
Carolus Linnaeus
botanist who observed plants could become hybrids + cross between 2 species
-means: change over time -occurs in populations + groups, not individually
Charles Darwin
naturalist who made a theory that the evolution of new species occured as the result of natural selection
Points to Darwin's theory
-competition -variation -adaptation -selection
when each species produces more offspring that can actually survive
when each indicidual within a species is slightly different so there is a variety
when some variations are more advantageous than others leading to certain individuals being able to survive better in their environment
-when those that survive + reproduce pass characteristions on to their offspring, -making them better equipped to survive
Microevolution examples
-differences in beaks of finches -length of a giraffe's neck over time -predominance of light or dark peppered moths
two complex patterns of Intelligent Design
irreducible complexity + specified complexity
irreducible complexity
-a complex pattern of Intelligent Design -system that doesn't work if one part is missing ex: a mousetrap
specified complexity
-a complex pattern of Intelligent Design -a system w/ a specific sequence to work ex: a sentence - "esleap sasp eht eanmleond" = "please pass the lemonade"