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103 Terms
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The process whereby an individual or a professional preparation program meets specific established standards is known as
The process by which an agency or government (usually a state) grants permission to individuals to practice a given profession by certifying that those individuals have attained specific standards of competence is known as
The health education specialist most responsible for initiating the Role Delineation Project was:
Helen Cleary
Which of the following was established to continue the work of the National Task Force and create a more permanent structure to coordinate and oversee the certification process?
National Commission for Health Education Credentialing
Which of the following is a requirement for an individual to sit for the CHES exam?
-Possess an official transcript demonstrating a major in health education -Possess an official transcript reflecting at least 25 semester hours of course work addressing the 8 Areas of Responsibility and Competency for Health Educators -Possess a bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degree from an accredited institution of higher education
The hierarchy of skills from broad to specific in the competency-based framework is
responsibilities, competencies, and sub-competencies.
Individual and collective resources that can be brought to bear for health enhancement are referred to as:
In conducting a needs assessment, data that is already available such as that obtained from a literature review is called:
secondary data
Health education specialists are often called upon to serve as:
resource persons
Which of the following is considered a component of advocating for health education?
-Supporting national initiatives that are designed to improve the profession -Initiating and supporting legislation, rules, policies, and procedures that will enhance health -Advocating for the profession
Which of the following is not one of the four major settings in which health education specialists usually work?
Insurance companies
The initial impetus for school health stemmed from the terrible epidemics of the 1800s and the efforts of the:
Women's Christian Temperance Movement.
"An integrated set of planned, sequential, school-affiliated strategies, activities, and services designed to promote the optimal physical, emotional, social, and educational development of students" best describes:
a coordinated school health program.
Which of the following are created by concerned citizens to deal with health needs not met by governmental agencies?
Voluntary health agencies
Which of the following is not a reason why worksites have become interested in offering employees health education programs?
The increased availability of health education specialists skilled in offering services in this setting
A major barrier that has prevented health education specialists from being used extensively in patient education is:
a lack of reimbursement for health education services from insurance companies.
Establishing and maintaining a wide range of contacts in the field that may be of help when looking for a job and in carrying out one's job responsibilities once hired. This is known as:
New professionals wishing to seek jobs in health education should:
be careful of what is placed on social networking websites.
Internships and practicums give students their first real look at employment settings, but they are relatively unimportant in landing that first job. (t/f)
The skills needed to carry out the responsibilities of a health education specialist are similar from setting to setting. (t/f)
The primary means of funding the work of a voluntary health agency is through
The mission of this organization is to enhance the professional practice of health education/promotion by promoting and sustaining a credentialed body of health education specialists.
The National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc.
The only organization devoted solely to public health education and health promotion is the:
Society for public health education Inc
Which one of the following health agencies is a governmental health organization?
Most voluntary health agencies operate at the:
local, state, and national levels
A source that is written by people who were eyewitnesses to an event is a:
primary source
Which of these is not usually a component of a research article?
A peer-reviewed journal is one that:
features articles that have been read and recommended by a panel of experts.
Which of the following is not a question to ask when critically reading a research article?
Were the goals/aims of the study consistent with other studies?
When evaluating the accuracy of non-research-based sources, the following statement is important to consider: New information is newsworthy but may not be valid.
Health education specialists can assist both patients and medical organizations by:
helping patients understand their options
The Medical community tends to ignore the value of:
primary prevention
Which of the following is one of the eight new content areas that the Committee on Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century recommended should be added to the curricula of individuals studying to practice public health?
Worksite health promotion programs are popular because employers want to:
increase productivity
Advocacy efforts must occur at various levels in order for health education messages to have the greatest impact on the health of populations and individuals
Responsibility I
Assessment of Needs and Capacity
Responsibility II
Responsibility III
Responsibility IV
Evaluation and Research
Responsibility V
Responsibility VI
Responsibility VII
Leadership and Management
Responsibility VIII
Ethics and Professionalism
The organization that oversees the certification for health educators
National Commission for Health Education Credentialing
What credential is received if someone passed the CHES exam
They are now a Certified Health Education Specialist as a national credential
Criteria to sit for the CHES exam
A bachelor’s, master’s, or doctoral degree from an accredited institution of higher education. -AND an official transcript that clearly shows a major in health education -OR an official transcript that reflects 25 semester hours (37 quarter hours) of coursework with specific preparation addressing the Eight Areas of Responsibility and Competency for Health Educators In summary: you have to major in something related to health education or take 25 semester hours of those classes
Quality assurance
The planned and systematic activities necessary to provide adequate confidence that the product or service will meet given requirements
Process whereby an individual or a professional preparation program meets the specified standards established by the credentialing body and is thus recognized for having done so
The process by which an agency or organization evaluates and recognizes an institution as meeting certain predetermined standards
The process by which an agency or government [usually a state] grants permission to individuals to practice a given profession by certifying that those licensed have attained specific standards of competence (ex. teachers or medical doctors)
A process by which a professional organization grants recognition to an individual who, upon completion of a competency-based curriculum, can demonstrate a predetermined standard of performance
Institutions and programs require what type of credentialing?
What type of credentialing can an individual receive?
licensure (ie. teachers), registration (ie. health educators state registries), and certification (CHES)
What are the benefits of having a national certification?
-Establishes a national standard of practice. -Attests to an individual’s knowledge and skills. -Assists employers in identifying qualified health education practitioners. -Develops a sense of pride and accomplishment. -Promotes continued professional development.
What was the organization did NCHEC continue the work of to establish health education credentialing?
SOPHE/AAHE National Task Force on Accreditation in Health Education
What is the health education specialist practice analysis (HESPA)?
HESPA is meant to verify and update the health education competencies on behalf of the health education profession. The difference between 2020 and 2015 is the 2020 model has 5 areas of responsibility.
There a difference between entry level HES and more advanced HES tasks (t/f)
Community empowerment
refers to the process of of enabling communities to increase control over their lives
refers to both individual and collective resources that can be brought to bear for health enhancement
Needs Assessment
A process that helps program planners determine what health problems might exist in any given group of people, what assets are available in the community to address health problems, and the overall capacity of the community to address the health issues
skills or abilities necessary for successful performance as a health education specialist
parts of a research article
abstract, introduction, methodology, results, discussion
Brief description of the study; communicates essential information.
Includes research questions or hypotheses being tested, literature review, and an explanation of the need for or significance of the study.
Includes research design, participants of study, instruments used to gather data, and administrative procedures in carrying out the study.
Research findings, including procedures used for data analysis
Interpretation of the results, comments on implications, presentation of limitations of the study, and recommendations for additional research
what is a literature review?
An overview of the sources used in a research article
Why does a health educator need to have a code of ethics?
It is important to uphold their professional standards as making them an educated person in their field, because most universities have open admissions and do not have a selection process
School Health
It includes classroom instruction, both the physical and social environment, health services, physical education and athletics, faculty/staff health promotion programs, counseling and psychological services, and community buy in and participation
What do you have to have to teach health in a school setting?
They must be licensed but often hold a degree in something else because there is a higher need for education in other areas than that of health
What are the different settings a health education specialist can work in?
-Schools; Public/community health agencies; Worksites; Healthcare facilities (major settings) -Colleges and universities; International settings; Nontraditional settings (other settings)
worksite health program
A coordinated and comprehensive set of strategies which include programs, policies, benefits, environmental supports, and links to the surrounding community designed to meet the health and safety needs of all employees
responsibilities for worksite health
Conducting classes (e.g., fitness, nutrition), Conducting health screenings, Providing personal training sessions, Performing a administrative functions, such as maintaining records and equipment, writing newsletters, health fairs, and marketing the programs
What do faculty have to do in a college setting?
research, teaching, and service to community
Benefits of participating in a worksite health program
Can lessen healthcare costs and are very beneficial because workers are there nearly everyday
Governmental Agencies
-Have authority for specific duties outlined by the governing body. -Primarily funded by tax dollars. -Managed by government employees. Exist at four levels: -International agencies (e.g., World Health Organization) -National agencies (e.g., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) -State agencies (e.g., state health department) -Local agencies (e.g., local health department)
Quasi-Governmental Health Agencies
-Possess characteristics of both governmental and nongovernmental health agencies. Obtain funding from a variety of sources: -Community fund-raising (e.g., United Way) -Fees for services rendered -Donations -Governmental agencies -They operate independent of government. -Best example is the American Red Cross.
American Academy of Health Behavior NG
A society of researchers and scholars in the areas of health behavior, health education, and health promotion
-Operate free from governmental interference. -Funding sources include private donations and membership fees. Categorized as: - Voluntary - Philanthropic foundations - Service, religious, and professional agencies -Examples: American Cancer Society, the American Heart Association, the American Lung Association, and the Alzheimer’s Association.
American Public Health Association NG
Champions the health of all people and all communities
American College Health Association NG
Founded originally as the American Student Health Association in 1920. In 1948, the name of the association was changed to its current name. ACHA's mission is to "serve as the principal leadership organization for advancing the health of college students and campus communities through advocacy, education, and research"
Society for public Health Education NG
Provides global leadership to the profession of health education and health promotion and to promote health of society
Eta sigma Gamma
The national Health Education Honorary
Which organization has a community of practice?
Society for Public Health Education, Inc. (SOPHE)
primary data
Original data gathered by the health education specialist as part of a needs assessment; this includes data gathered from telephone surveys, focus groups, and interviews
Secondary data
Preexisting data used by a health education specialist in a needs assessment
Tertiary data
Tertiary sources contain information that has been distilled and collected from primary and secondary sources; includes facts.
(or referred) journals are those that publish original manuscripts after they have been read and approved by a panel of experts; often contain primary sources.
What should you consider when getting internet information as opposed to journal information?
-A source of much information; often the information is not peer reviewed. -Few rules for publishing on the Internet.
CRAAP test
-Currency: The timeliness of the information. -Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs. -Authority: The source of the information. -Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content. -Purpose: The reason the information exists.
What system do you have to use to access material for free as a student?
Independent Research library (?)
Questions to ask to critically read a research article
-Were the goals/aims of study defined in a clear manner? -Were the research questions/hypotheses clearly stated? -Was the description of the participants clear? -Did the author state how the participants were recruited? -Were the design and the location of the study described clearly? -Were the data collection instruments described? -Were reliability and validity reported for the instruments? -Did the results directly address the research questions or hypotheses? -Were the conclusions reasonable in light of the research design and data analyses performed? -Were the findings extrapolated to a population that is similar to the population studied? -Were the study implications meaningful to the population you serve?
Affordable Care Act
A comprehensive reform law, enacted in 2010, that increases health insurance coverage for the uninsured and implements reforms to the health insurance market
Data bases we use to search for articles
1. ERIC (education) 2. Medline (biomedicine) 3. CINAHL (nursing) (UAB library is the best way to access 1-3) 4. Google Scholar (various)
The warning signs of social media
Social media is not monitored and free range for things to be said that can be false or misinterpreted
What is the difference between advocacy and marketing?
Customer marketing is all about retaining your existing customers. Customer advocacy is all about doing what's best for the customers.
What do you need to do to join a professional organization?
You often get to participate in meetings and the improvement of this group but often have to pay to become one (?)
What does using AND in the search box do for your search?
It will execute a search for documents that include both keywords; expansion
What does using OR in the search box do for your search?
It will narrow the scope of your search
What's the difference between correlation and causation?
Causality indicates that one thing caused another thing to happen. Correlation just points out that two things happened at the same time.
Population expected to grow the most in the US:
2060; hispanic -the population over 65 is expected to grow to 25% of the population; median age will continue to rise.
What are issues with certain age groups?
-Traditional family (two parents and children) less common. -Postmodern family has many variations. -More 18- to 29-year-olds are living with parents. -Higher percentage of mothers in the workforce. -Almost one-third of children under 18 years live in poverty. -COVID-19 has put further stress on the family unit.