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Music History I

37 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (37)
Baroque Dates
The importance of the performer
Performers are becoming "professionals"; Listeners are not active participants (Chp 13 Slide 8)
How ornamentation was implemented
A means for moving the affections (Chp 13 Slide 21)
Opera/Musical Theater styles in Italy
Opera leading musical genre; Venice remained center of opera (Chp 17 Slides 2-3)
Opera/Musical Theater styles in Germany
Italian opera became central to musical life in court; Adopted recitative style of Italian opera (Chp 17 Slide 21)
Opera/Musical Theater styles in England
Attempted to introduce Italian opera, but most people didn't want it; Masque, shared aspects of opera (Chp 16 Slide 18)
Prima practica
Stands for "first practice"; Had to follow its own rules and thus dominated the verbal text (Chp 13 Slide 13)
Seconda practica
Stands for "second practice"; the music serves to heighten the effect and rhetorical power of words; voice leading rules may be broken and dissonance can be used more freely (Chp 13 Slide 13)
Artusi-Monteverdi Debate
Artusi criticized Monteverdi at breaking his own rules, Monteverdi responded in a preface to a book of his madrigals (Chp 13 Slide 12)
Importance of The Well-Tempered Clavier
Best known keyboard works (2 books) written in 1722 by Johann Sebastian Bach (Chp 19 Slide 6)
Importance of Venice for opera
Venice was the most glamorous city in Europe (Chp 18 Slide 6); Teatro San Cassiano first public opera house opened in 1637 (Chp 14 Slide 16)
First surviving opera
Opera: Dafne Composer: Jacopo Peri (Chp 14 Slide 7)
Ritornello form for concertos
For full orchestra alternating with episodes characterized by virtuosic material played by one of more soloist (Chp 18 Slide 10)
Traite de l’harmonie
Written by Jean-Philippe Rameau in 1722; It described music and how to write it based on the tonal system used today in classical music. (Chp 18 Slide 15)
English oratorio
A genre of music invented by Handel in the 1730s; Similar to Italian oratorios (Chp 19 Slide 13)
Continuo instruments
Typical continuo instruments include harpsichord, organ, lute, theorbo (also called chittarrone) large lute with extra bass strings (Chp 13 Slide 15)
Names and order of German dance suites
allemande, courante, sarabande, and gigue (Chp 19 Slide 6)
Florentine Camerata
A group where scholars discussed literature, science, the arts, and musicians performed new music; Members include Galilei, Caccini, and Peri (Chp 14 Slide 5)
Basso continuo
Italian for "continuous bass"; system of notation; melody and bass line present, but left it to the performer to fill in the chords (Chp 13 Slide 15)
Greek Tragedies in modern form, fully sung (Chp 14 Slide 7)
term used by modern historians to embrace all the styles of accompanied solo singing practiced in the late 16th/early 17th centuries (Chp 14 Slide 6)
Rationalized emotions such as sadness, joy, anger, love, fear, excitement, or wonder (Chp 13 Slide 9)
Virtuosity passage typically near the end of a concerto or other work.
Da capo aria
Dominant form by the end of the century; 2 sections, 1 section repeated (ABA form) (Chp 17 Slide 3)
Standard form for fast movements in concertos of this time; Vivaldi followed this form (Chp 18 Slide 10)
Males who were castrated before puberty retained their high vocal range (Chp 14 Slide 15)
Combining voices with instruments playing different parts (Chp 13 Slide 17)
Recitativo secco
Stands for dry recitative; stretches dialogue in a speech like manner, accompanied by basso continuo only (Chp 19 Slide 12)
Recitativo accompagnato
Stirring and impressive orchestral outburst to dramatize tense situations (Chp 19 Slide 12)
First widely renowned composer of opera, wrote only vocal works; Notable works: L'Orfeo, L'Arianna, Combattimento di Tancredi e Clorinda (Chp 14 Slides 10-13)
Focused on genres used in Lutheran services; Notable works: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Six suites for cello, St. John Passion, St. Matthew Passion, Mass in B Minor (Chp 19 Slides 3-9)
One of the greatest composers of his era; Best known for English oratorios; Notable works: Almira, Rinaldo, Messiah, Water Music (Chp 19 Slides 10-15)
Best known Italian composer of the early 18th century; Generally followed 3 movement structure and Ritornello Form; Notable works: The Four Seasons (Chp 18 Slide 7-10)
Englands leading composer; Notable works: Dido and Aenas (Chp 16 Slide 20-22)
Created distinctive "French" Opera; Notable works: Armide (Chp 16 Slide 7-11)
One of the most prolific composers of vocal chamber music in the 17th century; Notable works: Lagrime mie (Chp 15 Slides 4-5)
Known for his church music; Notable works: Symphoniae sacrae (Chp 15 Slide 12-14)