BJU World Studies Chapter 7

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6 tribes of the eastern US woodlands (New York) that spoke a common language in the 15th century
developed an accurate calendar, superior writing (compared to any other civilization in the New World), accomplished mathematicians and astronomers, built pyramids similar to the ones found in Egypt
Dead Reckoning
sailing technique using astrolabe, compass, maps and speed to chart course on an open ocean
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
financed the explorations of Christopher Columbus
Cape of Good Hope
located at the southern tip of Africa
Incan empire
South America along the Andes Mountains
Southwest North American Indians who lived in caves and/or small villages built of dried clay (adobe)
Plains Indians
North American Indians that migrated over grasslands of the Great Plains and lived in tepees. (Sioux, Cheyenne, Crow, Blackfeet and Comanche)
Mound Builders
Eastern North American Indians who built earthen mounds that served as grave sites, temples, effigy mounds.
Mayan empire location
Central America near Guatemala and the Yucatan Penisula
Aztec empire location
Central Mexico
Aztec capitol
Tenochtitlan (built on an island in the middle of a lake).
Aztec society characteristic
war and warriors
Aztec god who once lived and promised to return in the future. This belief made the Aztecs open to deception by the Spanish conquerors.
Aztec punishment for adultery
Incan Capitol
among the first to use cannons aboard ships
ancient name for Thailand. Traded with Portuguese beginning in 16th century. Succesfully avoided European colonization
Bartolomeu Dias
Explored the new world for Portugal, First to find a route around Africa
The last Inca ruler before the Spanish arrived
Lima, Peru
Built on the former Inca capitol of Cuzco
Motives for European exploration
Political, Social, Religious (Crusades), Economic
First European nation to make contact with China
killed many Indians - brought by European explorers
Roman Church
Protected the Indians against abuses by the Spanish explorers
Naturally grown crop in the New World. A more potent European variety was brought to New World that devastated soil nutrients.
Queen Elizabeth I
financed Sir Francis Drake's explorations for England - traveled around the world
Francis Xavier
Jesuit missionary to Japan
Ferdinand Magellan
Spanish explorer that named the Pacific Ocean in 1519. Killed in the Philippians. His crew continued onward to sail around the world.
ship designed for efficient ocean travel
Hernando Cortez
Conquistador who defeated and colonized the Aztecs in 1519
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Incas in 1531
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer that was the first to find a trade route to India by rounding the tip of Africa and sailing up the east coast of Africa in 1497
Christopher Columbus
Portuguese explorer (funded by Spain) who sailed west in 1492 and discovered a new continent.
Bartolome' Las Casas
Catholic missionary to the Indians in Latin America
Sailing instrument used to measure the angle between the sun or moon and the horizon
Mexico City, Mexico
Built on the former Aztec capitol of Tenochtitlan
Coastal Chinese city
Inca Empire
Suffered from plague six years BEFORE Pizarro and the Spanish conquistadors. No satisfactory source for the outbreak has been determined