Apush - Period 6 Chapter 18 Vocab

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Reservation System
established boundaries for the territory of each tribe and attempted to separate the Indians into two great “colonies” to the north and south of a corridor of intended white settlement.
Dawes Severalty Act
authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
Homestead Act 1862
encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land. In exchange, homesteaders paid a small filing fee and were required to complete five years of continuous residence before receiving ownership of the land.
farmers in the Great Plains were called this because they had to break through the sod to plant crops.
Frontier Thesis
the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.
Ghost Dance
sacred ceremonies the Indians performed to try and remove whites from their territories and bring back the buffalo
Omaha Act of 1882
a law that allowed the establishment of individual title to tribal lands
William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody
famed buffalo hunter who created an entertainment system similar to a circus and featuring sharpshooters and various Native Americans and cowboys
Forest Reserve Act of 1891
a law that gave the president power to establish forest reserves to protect watersheds against the threats posed by lumbering, overgrazing, and forest fires
Sand Creek Massacre
the near annihilation in 1864 of Black Kettle's Cheyenne band by Colorado troops
Great Sioux War
the war waged by Red Cloud against the US Army that required the US to abandon its forts
Hispanic-American Alliance
the organization forced to protect and fight for the rights of Spanish Americas
Edmunds Act
the law that took away the vote from those who practiced polygamy
Annie Oakley
the sharpshooter known as "Little Sure Shot"
Helen Hunt Jackson
one of the most influential reformers for Indian Policy
Yosemite Act
the law that placed California giant sequoias under the management of the state of California
John Deere
the inventor of the "singing plow" which easily turned prairie grasses under
the Spanish word for cowboy
Barbed wire
the new technology of the time that helped contribute to the Range Wars and later the cattle bust
Buffalo Soldier
the nickname given to the Black Cavalry by Native American tribes who fought in the Indian Wars
Nat Love
the former slave turned legendary cowboy whose life and experiences were written about in dime novels
Brigham Young
the new prophet of the Mormon Church
Chief Joseph
the leader of the Nez Perce Nation
Treaty of Fort Laramie
acknowledged US defeat in the Great Sioux War in 1868, supposedly guaranteeing the Sioux perpetual land and hunting rights in SD, WY, & MT
National Reclamation Act
1902 act that added 1 million acres of irrigated land to the US