Test 3 Fish

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Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition

Practice Test


Matching Game



55 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (55)
*black horizontal stripes on sides
*bulkier deep body compared to M. saxatilis
*black horizontal stripes on sides with lower stripes broken and shifted
*second anal spine nearly as long as third
*lower and upper jaws even
*black horizontal stripes on sides, usually continuous
*body more elongate and less deep than M. chrysops
*5-7 spines in anal fin
*dark mottling on body
*7-9 spines in anal fin
*dark suborbital bar or tear drop
*extremely small
*9-12 dark vertical bars
*opercular lobe black, fleshy, and lacking pale border
*vermiculations on preorbital area and cheek
*opercular lobe black with pale margin and bony to edge
*mouth large with the maxilla extending well beyond anterior rim of eye
-vermiculation on head
*light bars radiating from the opercle
*looks a lot like Ambloplites but has 3 anal fin spines
*long pectoral fins that are moderately to sharply pointed and will reach past anterior margin of the eye when depressed anteriorly
*opercular lobe completely black and fleshy to its margin
*dorsal fin with dusky spot in posterior base, but not always
*opercular lobe dark and fleshy with white margin on its tip
*mouth small
-vermiculations on the cheeks and opercles
*opercular lobe bony to margin with a white dot on posterior margin (often concave) that is red in life
*long and sharply pointed pectoral fins that extend well past anterior margin of eye and over dorsum if depressed anteriorly or dorsally, respectively
*pale spots on body (red in life) and cheeks with dark colored spots opercular lobe stiff to its margin
*no vermiculations on cheeks
-pale spot at anterior end of lateral line
*bronze coloration with dark blotches or vertical bars on sides
*dorsal spines nearly equal in height
*wide back lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches
*lines of dark pigment spots on the lower sides
*dorsal spines nearly equal in height
*wide black lateral stripe or nearly confluent blotches
*tallest dorsal spine more than twice height of the shortest
*few scattered flecks of dark pigment on the lower sides
*vertical bars on the sides
*anal fin with 6-7 spines
*length of dorsal fin base is less than the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye
*lacks vertical bars on the sides
*anal fin with 6-7 spines
*length of dorsal fin base is equal to the distance from the origin of the dorsal fin to the middle of the eye
*body very slender
*color pallid or translucent with little dark pigment
*1 anal spine
*belly lacking scales
*frog face
*"W" or "U" shaped markings on sides
*dorsum with 6-7 saddles
*frog face
*4 distinct dorsal saddles diagonally oriented
*first saddle distinctly before first dorsal fin
*8-10 dorsal saddles
*about 10 midlateral dark blotches
*lateral line incomplete
-has red in the anal fin
*blunt, round nose
*preorbital bar continuous around snout
*suborbital bar typically present
*dusky streaks slanting posteriorly (looks like smeared graphite)
*males with dorsal fins that are greatly elongated
*horizontal rows of spots on the dorsum
-one of the most distinct darters and probably of hybrid origin
*dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin
*striations in caudal fin
*gill membranes broadly joined where E. kennicotti has narrowly joined gill membranes
*very small
*highly arches lateral line anteriorly with only 2-3 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin
*pair of fused blotches at the caudal fin base in the form of a "filled in B"
*lots of dark pigment in blotches on the sides
*6 dorsal saddles
*6 hourglass shaped dorsal saddles
*clear at base of dorsal fin with a median dark streak, no dark pigment at base of spinous dorsal fin, a lot like E. flabellare
*dark humeral spot present 
*caudal fin with vertical stripes
*dorsum with 6 evenly spaces saddles
*a series of "W" "M" or "X" shaped midlateral markings
*preorbital bars present that are not continuous around snout
*anal fin with 1 weak spine
*3 distinct basicaudal spots
*narrowly connected gill membrane
*dorsal rays in breeding males develop egg knobs
*short snout
*pale lateral line scales
*distinct vertical column of dots on caudal peduncle
*really long pelvic fins and a row of rectangular blotches along sides
*blunt nose
*8-9 dorsal saddles with the first one touching the posterior of head
*6 dorsal saddles
*obvious pale spot just posterior to head and anterior to first saddle
*gill membranes narrowly connected
*sides also with 10-12 horizontal stripes
*dark humeral spot present
*oblique pale bar bordered by black is present on the cheek
*6 dorsal saddles
*around 10 vertical bars on sides that extend onto belly
*all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band
*no white basicaudal spots
-sides with fine horizontal lines
*smallest Nothonotus with distinct saddles just posterior to head and anterior to caudal fin
*no horizontal lines like other Nothonotus
*dark horizontal markings on cheek, often forming two spots
*large pair of white basicaudal spots present, often in hourglass shape
*all median fins with pale submarginal band and dark marginal band
*median fins with dark marginal bands and NO pale submarginal bands
-fine horizontal lines on sides
*distinct dorsal fins
*thick bands vertically
-it looks like a perch
*dark midlateral band or row of blotches
*rows of black spots along dorsum
*many dorsal saddles with larger blotches on sides than P. caprodes
*circles on dorsum (look like cheerios)
*pig-like snout
*many dorsal saddles
*midlateral blotches smaller than in P. burtoni
*pig-like snout
*suborbital bar usually prominent
*midlateral blotches becoming shorter and wider posteriorly
*head long
*sides with 8-14 fused blotches
*suborbital bar in shape of sickle
*middorsal spots that are interconnected with 8 or so lateral blotches, which are not connected to each other
*single basicaudal spot that is large and darker than lateral blotches
*midlateral blotches are narrow and elongate
*3 vertically arranged basicaudal spots with lower two coalescing with age
*margins of midlateral blotches not distinct and often connected
*3 basicaudal spots present with lower two usually partially coalesced
*4 dorsal saddles with anterior most dorsal saddle partially or entirely beneath dorsal fin
*posterior margin of 4th dorsal saddle well in advance of caudal fin insertion
*canine teeth well developed
*spinous dorsal fin with horizontal rows of discrete black spots
*pigment on sides in large blotches
*canine teeth well developed
*spinous dorsal fin lacking black spots
*pigment on sides scattered and more diffuse than in S. canadense
*large and wide mouths
*3 diagonal dark saddles
*spines on the opercle