History Chapter 10

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73 Terms
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Queen Liluokalani
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
The policy of extending a nation's authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means
Alfred T. Mahan
Admiral of the U.S. Navy who urged government officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations; urged the U.S. to establish naval bases in the Caribbean, to construct a canal across the Isthmus of Panama, and to acquire Hawaii and other Pacific Islands
William Seward
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price.
Pearl Harbor
The Kingdom's best port; was a regueling station for American Ships; in Hawaii
Sanford B. Dole
American businessman who became president of the new government of Hawaii after the queen was pushed out
Jose Marti
Cuban poet and journalist who organized a guerilla revolution against Spain in 1895- "Cuba Libre" free Cuba was his battle cry-and sought US support and intervention.
Valeriano Weyler
General sent from Spain to Cuba to restore order in 1896; set up concentration camps
Yellow Journalism
sensational style of writing, which exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers
USS Maine
was sent to Cuba to bring home American citizens in danger; it blew up in the harbor of the Havana
How many men were killed when the Maine blew up in the harbor of the Havana
George Dewey
A United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War, U.S. naval commander who led the American attack on the Philippines
Rough Riders
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt and Leonard Wood during the Spanish American War
San Juan Hill
Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches
Treaty of Paris
(1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Provided that Cuba be free from Spain.
Manifest destiny
Another name for imperialism
Had the greatest racial superiority
McKinley Tariff
1890 tariff that provoked crisis by eliminating the duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar
61 years
How many years did it take for Hawaii to become a state after it was proclaimed American territory
90 miles
How far is Cuba from Florida
Puerto Rico
Where American troops invaded on July 25
Desire for military strength, thirst for new markers, and belief in cultural superiority
Three factors that fueled the new American imperialism
Ethiopia and Liberia
two African countries that remained free from European control in 1914
What was the U.S. ranked in terms of naval power
foreign trade
the solution to American over-production and the related problems of unemployment and economic depression
Social Darwinism
a belief that free-market competition would lead to the survival of the fittest
Seward's folly
many criticized William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million calling it _______
When did Hawaii become the 50th state of the United States
They would rather see Cuba sink in the ocean
How did Spain respond to America seeking to purchase Cuba
Year Cuban people forced Spain to abolish slavery
William Randolph Hearst
a leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism
Joseph Pulitzer
He used yellow journalism in competition with Hears to sell more newspapers. He ran The New York World
De Lome Letter
Spanish Ambassador's letter that was illegally removed from the U.S. Mail and published by American newspapers. It criticized President McKinley in insulting terms. Used in yellow journalism articles
U.S. declared War
What happened on April 20th 1898
Philippine Islands
where the first battle of the Spanish-American War took place
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain; also the leader of the Filipino revolt against the United States
Number of Americans who volunteered to fight in the war
a cease-fire agreement
february 6, 1899
When did the Senate approve the Treaty of Paris
Foraker Act
legislation passed by congress in 19000, in which the U.S. ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government; gave the president of the U.S. the power to appoint Puerto Rico's governor and members of the upper hose of its legislature
Platt Amendment
a series of provisions that, in 1901, the United States insisted Cuba add to its new constitution commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the United States the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease Cuban land for naval and fueling stations
a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power
John Hay
Person who wrote the open door notes
Open Door Notes
messages sent in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan, asking the countries not to interfere with U.S. trading rights in China
Boxer Rebellion
rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence
Some wanted independence and some wanted statehood
What was the debate over Puerto Rico after the Spanish-American War
Insular Cases
Cases in which the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution did not automatically apply to people in acquired territories
Year that Puerto Ricans were extended the right to vote
Teller Amendment
piece of legislation that states that the United States had no intention of taking over any part of Cuba.
yellow fever
What disease did the military government in Cuba eliminate
February 1899
When did the Filipinos rise in revolt against the U.S.
How many troops were sent to the Philippines
How many Filipino rebels died fighting for independence
How many Americans died in the Philippine-American War
$400 million
How much did the Philippine-American war cost
July 4, 1946
When did the Philippines become an independent republic
sick man of Asia
What was China known as when they were weakened by war and foreign trade
spheres of influence
areas where each nation claimed special rights and economic privileges
Righteous and Harmonious fists
What were the "boxers" real names
Second Open Door Notes
These announced that the U.S. would safeguard for the world the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire
Anti-Imperialist League
Grover Cleveland, Andrew Carnegie, Jane Addams, and many leading writers made up the _____
Panama Canal
an artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, opened in 1914
Roosevelt Corollary
an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations
dollar diplomacy
the U.S. policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over other countries
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
A fierce nationalist who frequently supported the U.S. and then threatened reprisals against them
Emiliano Zapata
son of a metizo peasant who was dedicated to helping the poor
John J. Pershing
Person who was sent with an expeditionary force of about 15,000 soldiers into Mexico to capture Villa dead or alive
Francisco Madero
Along with peasants and workers, he overthrew Profirio diaz
Porfirio Diaz
He had ruled Mexico for more than 3 decades; friend of the U.S., had encouraged foreign investment Mexico
Victoriano Huerta
Who took over the Mexican government after Diaz; Wilson called his government the government of buthcers
Venustiano Carranza
Became the president of Mexico after huerta in 1915
Alvaro Obregon
In 1920, he became President marking the end of civil war and the beginning of reform
missionary diplomacy
Piece of legislature where the U.S. had a moral responsibility to deny recognition to any Latin American government it viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to U.S. interests