unit 2 vocabulary
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area of the Sahara desert
area that includes Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean
a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)
Germany's chief industrial and mining center
exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a proposal
Dry plateau region found in southern Argentina.
International Date Line
An arc that for the most part follows 180° longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land
The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
An imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole 0° latitude
A group/chain of islands
a ruler with absolute power or tyrannical control over a group of people
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community.
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
A government controlled by religious leaders
an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan
A region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
the mountainous area of Azerbaijan, fought over by Armenia and Azerbaijan
The Republic of Artsakh
Unrecognized republic in Nagorno-karabakh
the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
A territory along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula; part of the land set aside for Palestinians, which was occupied by Israel in 1967.
an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river, many conflicts
Peninsula in the extreme southern Ukraine in the Black Sea. Annexed by Russia in 2014
a disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus
split between Russia (north) and Georgia (south). Many ethnic Russians live here
A republic of Russia that has experienced some of the worst violence because they wanted independence. Predominately Muslim region
a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
a violent attempt to overthrow a government