means that there's a lot of technology, productivity
where does economic development occur?
everywhere where there's incentive
migration of smarter people
they migrate to countries with more technological advancements
countries with over 10,000 academic papers
what led to an evolution in the spread of knowledge?
the invention of paper, writing, publishing, and printing
the industrial revolution
when industry that used to be limited became much more advanced across the world due to expanded use of natural resources
changed the nature of human life
problems of the industrial revolution
pollution caused by petroleum and greenhouse gases
increased cancer rates and illness
humanity's power on earth has...
led to a movement to a new era, the anthropocene
era of history where human beings have become an agent of change on and for the planet
led to a big change in population
health, cities, and technology were accessible to most people
how much land do humans manage?
3/4 except the artics
cons of the anthropocene
sea levels rising
loss of biodiversity
holes in ozone with high co2 levels
risks of destabilization of the planet
land system change
the era of the anthropocene
the current epoch in which humans and their societies have become a global geophysical forces
volcanoes, rain, and natural disasters that radically change the earth
has changed the nature of earth itself
when did the anthropocene begin?
in the 18th century with the rise of western industrialization
feeling the effects of human actions
a third of the country is under water
33 million people have lost everything
european heat waves
uk, sweden, and portugal have had awful heat waves because they dont have acs
anything that affects human life can be...
why are decisions are political?
because it can affect millions of people
what is politics concerned with?
with the fate of all people on the planet as individuals, communities, states, etc
affects on the environment...
also impact livelihood and the economy
science is not immune to...
have to be acquired from somewhere
when science advances...
it needs to look for resources
discipline of knowledge
have evolved to better understand the anthropocene
many disciplines is trying to contribute to understand it
what role does science play in the anthropocene?
its a lab where all these sciences work to understand what is happening and to know what to do about it
science is a...
a process to validate knowledge through testing, critiques, and changes
risks on the planet
we have created an understanding of the risks and opportunities on the planet
the first thing to acquire knowledge
comes from an understanding
the internal dynamics of the anthropocene
production/consumption core driven by energy systems and shaped by human societies which are influenced by cultures, institutions, and knowledge
if nobody consumes, you cannot produce
they make up one another through supply and demand
you cannot sustain without energy
the world is a...
network of connections
represent the countries people or groups
the lines that connect nodes
represent the interaction between those groups either socially, economically, or politically
what is a feature of human kind?
we cannot do without it
the reality of technology
not everyone benefits in the same way and not everyone has access
in order to have technology, you need...
humans are now what?
a geophysical force beyond the planet
politics shows us that
humanity thrives across challenges and we will always be useful to politics
can technology be political?
yes because humans drive tech, therefore it is because humans are inherently political
decisions on what is good or bad are?
a simplification of a collections of concepts that we put together in order to explain or understand something
what is our basic system?
rules and norms that are repeatedly used by human beings so that they shape the behavior, thinking, and actions that people often take for grnated
are not an institution
human beings role in an institution
they are expected to uphold and apply those rules and norms
what is the base of using resources and uphold institutions?
interactions between the anthropocene and the earth system
go both ways
example: greenhouse gas emissions, resource extractions, and pollutants driving impacts that reverberate through the geosphere and biosphere
the observer and the observed
cannot be separated because of the anthropocene because humans fit both roles
example of a political debate in the anthropocene
politics decides whats deemed as alive or not
younger generations vs older generations
younger takes risks, older is wiser
certains tools created by humanity
are no longer in our control
things are going too fast and we can no longer stop it
can leave people behind or push people to the forefront
knowledge <-> science <-> technology
understanding the anthropocene
there is no beginning point and no ending point
the anthropocene will always be about what?
there is one
what separates people?
what drives technological changes?
what can technological changes generate?
are advancements always a good thing?
economic growth does not meaning that everyone is doing well in a nation
what does technology provide to humanity?
power to improve our lives and communicate across the planet
the interaction between technological and political changes
technological changes --> social and political instability of world politics --> changes in international politics --> economic growth --> reduced resources and economic resources --> technological changes
how to humans determine whether tech is good or bad?
with how they use it
are the effects of technology reversible?
the nuclear bomb
first one was used in the heat of the war, but the second was used for politics to show russia not to mess with the us
the threat led to the arms race
but after japan, no bombs have been deployed therefore, scholars believe its taboo to use nuclear arms
humanit does act in beneficial ways in the...
but can occur in the short time
when do political decisions change?
when context changes
example of political decisions changing
wanted to close nuclear power plants but had to keep them open to provide energy to homes during harsh winters
political decisions are made at the...
scale of the world
the intention is local but they have consequences that can affect everyone on the planet
why are political decisions made at the scale of the world?
because people are interdependent, with limited resources, and always growing in size
three dimensions of acceleration
acceleration of social change
acceleration of the pace of life
what questions has the change in nature led to?
how do we define life?
how do we decide if a person is dead or still alive?
what does technology allow us to do with changes in nature?
take those questions and apply it on a farther scale
technology has led to what kind of acts?
acts with rapid and white ranging ramifications for the international system
examples of technology that had rapid ramifications
a game changer
technology as a game changer
changer of operations of the international system
a provider of advantage to different actors in the international system
technology is a source of what?
of risks, issues, or problems for the global community
since technology is rapid, what can it become?
advances in scientific knowledge and technological capability that heighten issues, risks, and uncertainties to which they have given rise
any application of organized technical knowledge about the natural world for a practical purpose, or the capacity to develop and use such knowledge
knowledge can equal
authority and power
competing narratives of knowledge
challenge, lead to skepticism, and can have positive or negative effects
imperial and colonial use of science and tech
helped control and administration over distant territories
examples of negative technological impacts
environmental and resource degradation
consumerist and capitalist culture
the human ability to produce and store info can be seen as what?
a positive hallmark of science and technology
surveillance can be
good and bad
security increased vs liberty potentially impinged
examples of positive technological impacts
research and innovatio9n
bottom up aka the ordinary
lifestyle adjustments to ensure safe technological use
top down aka the elite government
formulate policy, input the management and direct the technical acumen to address ongoing international issues