The Parts of Speech

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26 Terms
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a content word that can be used to refer to a person, place, thing, quality, or action
Proper noun
a noun that denotes a particular thing; usually capitalized (Cairo, World Trade Center, Monday)
Common noun
a noun that denotes any or all members of a class (city, building, male, female, scientist)
Abstract noun
a quality (freedom, kindness)
A compound noun
two or more words used in a single noun (toothpick, merry-go-round)
The parts of a compound noun may be written as _______, as _________, or as ___________
one word, two or more words, hyphenated word
a function word that is used in place of a noun or noun phrase
something going before, when the pronoun depends on a noun
Relative pronouns
who whom whose which that
Interrogative pronouns
who whose what whom which
Demonstrative pronouns
this that these those
Singular First Person pronouns
I my mine me
Plural First Person pronouns
we ours us
Singular Second Person pronouns
you your yours
Plural Second Person pronouns
you your yours
Singular Third Person pronouns
he his him she her hers it its
Plural Third Person pronouns
they their theirs them
Singular indefinite pronouns
each either neither one everyone everybody no one nobody anyone anybody someone somebody
Plural indefinite pronouns
several few both many
These pronouns can be either singular or plural
some all most any none These pronouns are SINGULAR when THEY REFER TO A SINGLE WORD These pronouns are PLURAL when THEY REFER TO A PLURAL WORD
The word any and none may be singular even when __________ if ___________and plural if ____________
they refer to a plural word (if) the speaker is thinking of each item individually (and plural if) the speaker is thinking of several things as a group
How should a pronoun agree in a sentence
Pronouns should agree in number, person, and gender with their antecedents. If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun should be singular. If the antecedent is plural, the pronoun should be plural.
Use a singular pronoun to refer to:
each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, or somebody
Two or more singular antecedent join by _____ or _____ should be referred to by a singular pronoun
or (or) nor
Two or more antecedents joined by ______ should be referred to by a plural pronoun
Concrete Noun
an object that can be percieved through senses (cloud, thunder)