Theo 3H Unit 1 Test

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"The Teaching" Earliest documents of the Church Rulebook - directions on how to perform sacraments (Eucharist and Baptism)
an object considered holy because it belonged to, or was touched by, a saint or other holy person
Four-fold mission of the church
1. Share the message 2. Live in community 3. Serve others 4. Worship the Lord
Importance of studying Church History
Helps us learn from the mistakes of the past. Also, how the Church endures forever.
Apostolic Succession importance
Pope/Bishops represent a direct, uninterrupted line of continuity from the first Apostles of Jesus Christ. Gives Church authority
Jewish Sects
Pharisees, Sadducees, Zealots
Acts of the Apostles
New Testament book that gives an account of events in the early Church by Luke. Written to Gentiles
distinguished by strict observance of the traditional and written law. Believed in Angels and Resurrections. Arrogant - believed Messiah would come from them.
Priestly and strong commitment to the Temple in Jerusalem. Worked with Romans. No angels, resurrections, or oral tradition.
more of a movement. Rebellious. Hated Romans. Thought Messiah would overthrow Romans. Members included thieves and robbers.
the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples. The strong wind then tongues of fire. Apostles can talk to anyone regardless of language. Importance - led them to convert gentiles
In the early church, those were appointed to serve the poor and needy because the Apostles and disciples were busy converting
First martyr
Stephen - assistant (deacon) - was bold and got accused of blasphemy. Stoned to death. Later all apostles became martyrs other than John
It was a Pharisees. Riding to Damascus to persecute more Christians. Light surrounded him, and God talked to him. Paul was blinded for 3 days until he was baptized by Ananias. Then Paul became Saul, a Christian. helped spread Christianity to the gentiles and later throughout the Roman world On trial before the Sanhedrin He was not executed because he was a Pharisees and a Roman - right to trail before Emperor Paul = 1st major Christian in Rome, lots of our beliefs come from him, went to convert gentiles 2/3 of new testament can be attributed to Paul
Jewish Revolt
In 66, Jews revolted against Rome because a Roman prefect raided the temple. Four years later, Rome crushed the rebels, captured Jerusalem, and destroyed the Jewish temple in 70 AD
Council of Jerusalem
The first church council, which was called to resolve the growing controversy over whether or not gentile Christians would have to observe Jewish law. Determined they would not have to. Significance - allowed gentiles in and eventually separated Christians from Jews
Christianity and Judaism
Christianity was originally a sect of Judaism. Council of Jerusalem, the Persecution of Christians in Rome, and the Christians' unwillingness to join in on Jewish revolt led to their separation. Israelites brought us a lot of our Christian traditions and laws.
Christianity in Rome
Christians were persecuted initially by Romans because they did not worship Roman gods Additionally, they worshipped in secret. They ate the body of "Christ" = cannibals. And adopted children. They eat the children. that makes them easy targets and scapegoats for persecution
Saint John Bosco
Saint John Bosco's stated purpose in telling his dream was that he wanted the boys to stay close to the Church, to pray for the Holy Father, and to hold on to a love for Mary and the Blessed Sacrament. Symbolic of the endurance of the Church Flagship commander - the Roman Pontiff or Pope Captains of auxiliary ships- Cardinals Flagship defenders- laity loyal to the Church Ships - Mankind Sea- the world The unbroken chain of command is important because having a leader is ultra important. Also apostolic succession is vital to Church's authority to teach and interpret the Faith/Scripture.
The disciple chosen to replace Judas as one of the Twelve
Salvation History
The pattern of specific events in human history in which God clearly reveals his presence and saving actions
The official teaching authority of the church
Wise Pharisee who counseled caution and tolerance toward followers of Christ Paul's teacher
Jewish historian
A person who is killed because of their Faith
Non jew