Heredity, Nutrition, Environment, Exercise, Health and Medical Resources, and Social Economic Status
What are the 3 stages of Adolescence?
Younger, Middle, & Older Adolescence
When is Younger adolescence?
10-14 years old
When is Middle adolescence?
14-16 years old
When do boys have growth spurt peaks?
Around 13- 14 years old but continues at a slower rate
When do girls have growth spurt peaks?
Around 11-12 years old and slows around 16 years old
What is Myelination?
The process by which brain oligodendrocytes produce layers of myelin that wrap around the neuronal axons and act as a layer of insulation for the transmission of electric action potentials down the neuronal axon.
What is synaptic pruning?
Process in which the brain eliminates extra synapses. Synapses are brain structures that allows the neurons to transmit an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron.
What happens in the brain during adolscent development?
Brain growth, synaptic pruning, pre-frontal cortex development, surge in sex hormones, and more responsive excitatory input, and myelination
When does the pre-frontal cortex develop fully?
25 years old
What happens to the surge in sex hormones?
Increase responsiveness to social & emotional stimuli
What part of Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development does adolscence occur?
What are the main features of formal operations?
Abstract reasoning, deductive logic, scientific reasoning, and self-consciousness
How much sleep does an adolscent need every night?
Around 10 hours
What happens to the adolscent family role in their development?
The role is conflicted
What is the importance of close friendships in adolscence?