AP Euro Ch. 22 Reformation ID Terms

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

Scientifically backed study method

spaced repetition


Review terms and definitions



Study with MC, T/F, and other questions


Practice Test

Take a test on your terms and definitions



47 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (47)
Buying and selling of Church positions
Practice of Church officials taking multiple Church positions
Those with multiple positions in the Church often ignored or failed to complete their duties
sale of indulgences
Documents were sold by the Church to lessen time in Purgatory
Martin Luther
Founder of the Protestant movement
Johann Tetzel
Lead salesman of Catholic indulgences; "When the coin in the coffer rings, a soul from Purgatory springs."
95 Theses
Questions that Luther had of the Church's practices
Johann Eck
Catholic debater and Luther's opponent at the Diet of Worms
"priesthood of all believers"
Luther's belief that everybody should read and interpret the Bible
Diet of Worms
Meeting in which Luther was asked to publicly recant his beliefs; Luther expected to become a martyr but escaped
Charles V
Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, King of Spain, devout Catholic, and nephew of Catherine of Aragon
German Peasants' War
Peasants in the Holy Roman Empire revolted against German nobles and kings who had raised taxes in Charles V's absence; inspired by a misinterpretation of Luther's "priesthood of all believers"; Luther sided with the nobility
Schmalkaldic League
Trade network of German Lutherans that upheld their Protestant beliefs at the Diet of Augsburg, resulting in two wars
Peace of Augsburg, 1555
Legalization of Protestantism following the Schmalkaldic Wars
Most radical group of Protestants; believed in adult baptism, the complete separation of church and state, and a return to early Chrisitianity; hated by both Protestants and Catholics
John of Leyden
King of New Jerusalem; leader of Anabaptists
Ulrich Zwingli, Zürich
​​Swiss Christian humanist who believed that the state should supervise the Church and banned music and relics from services
Marburg Colloquy
Meeting of Zwingli and Luther where they disagreed on the Lord's Supper; foreshadowed the division of Protestant groups
John Calvin
Founder of a more radical sect of Christianity that emphasized predestination
People are selected for salvation before they are born
Michael Servetus
John Knox
Founded Presbyterianism
Calvinist movement focused on representative Church leadership founded in Scotland by John Knox
French Calvinists
English Protestants who wanted to remove Catholicism completely from the Anglican Church
English Reformation
Henry VIII's personally, economically and politically motivated foundation of the Anglican Church; notably not Protestant
William Tyndale
Wrote the first English translation of the Bible
Henry VIII
King of England; founder of the Anglican Church
"In Defense of the Seven Sacraments"
Written by Henry VIII in response to Martin Luther's declaration that only two sacraments were necessary; resulted in the pope naming Henry VIII "The Defender of the Faith"
Catherine of Aragon
Henry VIII's first wife and Arthur's widow; birthed Mary Tudor
Thomas Wolsey
Sent to the pope to annul Henry VIII's marriage; failed
Act of Supremacy
Created the Anglican Church with Henry VIII as its head
Pilgrimage of Grace
English Catholics' revolt against the nationalization, abuse and sale of monasteries
Statute of the Six Articles
Reaffirmed parts of Catholicism as parts of the Anglican Church
Edward VI
Only son of Henry VIII; his Protestant tutors greatly influenced his decisions
Mary Tudor "Bloody Mary"
Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon; repealed Edward VI's Protestant acts and killed prominent Protestants
Elizabeth I
"Virgin Queen" and politique; worked to resolve the tension between English Protestants and Catholics by mandating a public devotion towards the Anglican Church
Monarch who prioritizes state relationships over religious ones
Elizabethan Settlement
Unified England under the Anglican Church
Thirty-Nine Articles
Creed of the Anglican Church; broad enough to be interpreted subjectively, resolving the tension between English Protestants and Catholics
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots
Attempted to assassinate Elizabeth I
Teresa de Avila
Nun who saw an angel; face of Catholic Counter Reformation and symbol of a personal relationship with God in Catholicism
Catholic and Counter Reformation
Attempt to reverse the Protestant Reformation and revive the best aspects of Catholicism
Council of Trent
Meeting that reformed the Catholic Church and reaffirmed traditional Catholic practices as well as the authority of the papacy
Index of Prohibited Books
Banned Protestant books and those by Erasmus
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
Militaristic organization of monks under the pope that promoted Catholicism
Ignatius Loyola
Leader of Jesuits; wrote The Spiritual Exercise