People within one culture adopting traits from the other.
Visible, physical objects created by a culture.
The geographic origin of a culture or cultural trait.
The group of traits that define a particular culture
A single distinguishing visible feature of regular occurrence within a culture.
Areas of the world that share cultural traits such as language, religious traditions, food preferences, architecture, and/or shared history.
A geographic region that is characterized by a predominantly uniform culture.
The process of two or more cultures coming into contact with each other and adopting each other’s traits to become more alike.
Cultures become less alike due to both cultural and physical barriers. The process of a culture restricting contact with other cultures in an attempt to retain its originality.
Natural landscape that has been modified by humans, reflecting their cultural beliefs and values.
Anything on the landscape that comprises culture that cannot be physically touched
Repetitive acts of individuals.
Repetitive acts of groups.
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
Actions of processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Independent (parallel) invention/innovation
Innovations developed in two or more unconnected hearths by individuals of groups acting independently.
The ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge of a culture.
The idea that societies or cultural groups leave their cultural imprints when they live in a place, each contributing to the overall cultural landscape over time.
The ways in which a society behaves and organizes institutions.
When two cultures blend together and form a new cultural trait.
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
The contribution of a location’s distinctive physical features to the way food tastes.
Loss of uniqueness of a place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next or does not inspire any strong emotional or cultural ties.
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A language that results from mixing a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
System of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a sound
A boundary line between two distinct linguistic regions.
A language that is unrelated to any other language and therefore not attached to any language family
A collection of languages related by a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago, derived from the same family.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display few differences in grammar and vocabulary
A collection of languages related by a common ancestor long before recorded history
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people with different native languages
The language (s) adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
Language ancestral to several daughter languages.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
A language or dialect spoken by the common people of a region
The view or belief that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
The belief that there is no God
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally
The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
A large and fundamental division within a religion.
A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal or administrative body
A religion with a relatively concentrated special distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a region
The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife, rejects religion.
A religion that claims global truth, applicability, and seeks the conversion of all human-kind.
An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion
Belief system in which one Supreme Being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe; belief in one god.
Belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe; belief in multiple gods.
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
A relatively small group that was broken away from an established denomination
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control
Boundaries between the world’s major faiths
Boundaries within a single major faith
Characteristics that unify a country and provide stability.
Characteristics that divide a country and create instability, conflict, and violence.
When one culture abandons their original culture and adopts another culture. Sometimes voluntary, other times forced.