Rubenstein Ch. 4 (Global/Local Culture)

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27 Terms
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when an individual or less dominant culture adopts some of the traits of a more dominant culture
concrete (material) human creations that reflect values, beliefs, and behaviors
the dominant culture completely absorbs a less dominant culture whereby the immigrants lose their native customs, including religion and language
contagious diffusion
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
cultural diffusion
the expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area
cultural landscape
the modification of natural landscape by human activities
culture complex
the group of traits that define a particular culture
culture hearth
the areas where civilizations first began and subsequently radiated the customs, innovations, and ideologies that culturally transformed the world
culture region
a region defined by similar culture traits and cultural landscape features
culture trait
the specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture
a repetitive act of a group, performed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group
environmental determinism
the emphasis that the physical environment, especially the climate and terrain, actively shapes cultures, so that human responses are completely molded by the environment
is the practice of judging another culture by the standards one's own culture
expansion diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process
folk culture
Folk culture is cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, customs, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
a repetitive act that a particular individual performs
hierarchical diffusion
the spread of an idea, innovation, or trend from and important node or person of authority or power to other persons or places of less significance
material culture
the art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
non-material culture
the beliefs practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
popular culture
pop culture is cultural traits such as dress, diet and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
the belief that cultural heritage is at least as important as the physical environment in shaping human behavior
relocation diffusion/ migrant diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
stimulus diffusion
the spread of an underlying idea, innovation, or principle even though a specific object fails to diffuse or a specific characteristic is rejected
A restriction on a behavior imposed by a social custom
the sum of the effects of the local environment on a particular food item; the contribution of a location's distinctive physical features to the way food tastes
uniform landscape
the spatial expression of a popular custom in one location that will be similar to another
Maladaptive diffusion
Diffusion of a process with negative side effects, what works well in one region may not in another