Unit 4 Vocab Terms

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APUSH Unit 4 Vocab

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American Colonization Society (1816)
An American organization founded in 1816 by Robert Finley to encoiurage and support the migration of freeborn blacks and emancipated slavers to the continent of Africa
War of 1812
conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent.
Dorothea Dix
Activist who drastically changed medicinal field / an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums.
The 2nd Great Awakening (1825-1835)
Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States
Nullification Crisis (1812)
Enacted protective tariffs / Under Jackson. Caused by the Tariff of 1828 (taxing rate was 48%). South Carolina is not going to pay that tax. Jackson supported states rights but sends troops into South Carolina to enforce the tariff of 1828. Nullified the Force act - congress allows Jackson to send troops to South Carolina.
Manifest Destiny
The idea that the United State sis destined by God, it advocates believed to expand the dominion and spread democracy and capitalism’s across the entire North American continent
Whig Party (1834)
A political party n the United States during the middle of the 19th century, alongside the democratic party. 2 major parties
Seneca Falls Convention (1848)
First’s Women’s Right Convention
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Best known as the U.S policy towards the Western Hemisphere / Warned European nations that the U.S would not tolerate further colonization or puppet
Tariff of Abominations (1828)
A protective tariff pass in the early 19th century to support growing domestic industries by raising the cost of imported goods
Frederick Douglass
Publication of his first book (American Book) and became such a powerful voice
Judiciary Act of 1801
Expanded, federal jurisdiction, eliminated supreme court justices circuit duties and created 16 federal circuit judgeships
Trails of Tears (1838)
A series of force displacements of approximately 60k American Indians of the five civilized tribes between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government / ethnic cleansing
Panic of 1837
The financial crisis in the united states that touch off a major depression which lasted till the 1840s / profits prices and wages, went down
Lowell Factory System
A labor production invented by Farris Cabot Lowell in Massachusetts by 19th century
Indian Removal Act (1830)
authorizing the president, Andrew Jackson to grant lands west of Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing borders / American demanded for Indian nations land increased
Missouri Compromise of 1820
admitted Missouri as a slave state of Maine as a non-slave state at the same time
Louisiana Purchase (1803)
accusation of a territory of Louisiana by the United States from the French first republic in 1803
Embargo Act of (1807)
legislation by the United States Congress in December 1807, that closed all U.S ports to all exports and restricted imports from Britain