Anglická terminologie 2lf placement test

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337 Terms
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adv -suddenly and unexpectedly, especially in an unpleasant way
adv - used to say that something makes you feel shy or ashamed
- happening naturally, without the need for medical treatment or assistance
n - a meeting in which a doctor discusses with a more senior doctor how well he or she has been doing their job; the system of holding such meetings
button battery
- n- a small round flat battery
n - a person who sees and event, such as a crime or an accident, but who is not directly involved
Continuing Professional Development
n - a system for staff who are already qualified in which they receive regular training about new medical procedures connected with their job
Job specification
n -a description of the skills, knowledge, and experience that are required to do a particular job
- n - a person whose job involves giving emergency medical treatment to sick or injured people in their home, at the scene of an accident, etc., before they are taken to hospital
Rapid response
n - the act or process of dealing with a medical emergency quickly
- n - a sudden attack of an illness, such as epilepsy, in which a person becomes unconscious their body shakes violently, = a fit
Warning sign
a yellow, diamond-shaped sign that alerts you to possible hazards
adj - feeling dizzy, that everything is moving around and that you are going to fall
adj - feeling weak and unable to think clearly because you are ill or very tired
adj- able to get through road congestion
Come over
v - suddenly feel
Come over
v - suddenly feel
Free up
- v- release
v- to start
v - to accidentally release solid waste from your body onto your clothes, bed sheets, etc.
v -(of a person's body) to make a sudden quick movement, especially one that you cannot control
v - to urinate by accident
n - a break in a bone
- a very thin crack or line in the surface of the bone, cannot be easily seen on an X-ray
n - a type of fracture in which the two broken ends of the bone are pushed into each other
a break or splinter of the bone into more than two fragments, often from high-impact accidents
n - a fracture involving a brake of the bone but with little damage to surrounding tissue and muscle
n- a fracture caused by twisting the bone so that it breaks
n- a fracture in a young, soft bone in which the bone bends and breaks, common in children
- n - an injury in which a broken bone pierces the skin, causing a risk of infection
n - reduction in volume of a bone, often in spongy bone
n- a fracture where a piece of bone is torn off by a tendon or ligament
n- fracture which occurs when certain bones are likely to break from repeated minor injuries
Pressure sore
n - decubitus ulcer
- adj- involving many features or elements
Chip pan fires
- n - fires created from cooking chipped potatoes in hot fat
- adj- likely to suffer from something, such as a particular illness
n - plaster of paris, a white powder that becomes hard when it is mixed with water and left to dry. POP is used to make plaster casts
Safety net
n- used to describe any arrangement that is intended to protect a patient and prevent problems from developing after they finish consulting a doctor or having treatment / a reminder to the patient that they can come back if there are any changes or if anything happens.
v- to hit a part of the body against something
v- to put a bone out of its normal position in a joint
v- to come down to the ground after falling, jumping, or being thrown
Slip (over)
v- to slide a short distance by accident so that you fall or nearly fall
v- to break something violently into many pieces; to be broken in this way
v- to press or crush something so that it becomes damaged or changes shape
v- to hurt your toe by accidentally hitting it against something hard
v- to fall or almost fall while you are running or walking
Trip (over / up)
v- to catch your foot on something and fall or almost fall
v- to injure a part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist, or knee, by bending it in an awkward way
Adhesive capsulitis
n - formal term for a painful condition in which the shoulder joint becomes stiff and difficult to move
n - (of the foot) the part underneath the big toe
n- informal term for a swelling on the surface of the skin that is filled with liquid and is caused by rubbing or burning
n - formal term for large swellings on the surface of the skin that is filled with liquid and is caused by rubbing or burning
n -informal term for an inflamed pus-filled swelling on the skin, caused typically by the infection of a hair follicle
n- informal term for an area of thickened skin that forms as a response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation
Frozen shoulder
n- informal term for a painful condition in which the shoulder joint becomes stiff and difficult to move
n- formal term for an inflamed pus-filled swelling on the skin, caused typically by the infection of a hair follicle.
n- the raised part of the inside of the hand where it joins the wrist
Hyper keratosis
n- formal term for an area of thickened skin that forms as a response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation
n- formal term for an uncomfortable feeling in a part of your body as if a lot of sharp points are pushing into it.
n- the act of convincing somebody to do something
Small of the back
n - the lower part of the back where it curves in
n - informal term for an uncomfortable feeling in a part of your body as if a lot of sharp points are pushing into it.
n - an instruction telling somebody what to do or what not to do.
n -informal term for a condition affecting the neck muscles which causes the neck to turn so that eventually the head is permanently held to one side.
n- formal term for a condition affecting the neck muscles which causes the neck to turn so that eventually the head is permanently held to one side.
adj- extremely annoyed, especially if you cannot do anything to improve the situation
Does not follow commands or go along with physician requests
v- to hit something lightly, especially a part of your body, against or on something
v- to form or make something form a curved shape, for example your toes
Fan out
v -to spread something out, like a fan
Flare up
v - (of an illness, injury) to suddenly start again or to become worse
v- to walk with difficultly, especially because your feet or legs hurt
v- to agree something by formal discussion
v- to become straight; to make something straight
Et al-abbreviation
used after the names of the main authors to indicated there are others not mentioned
n - the placenta and other material that comes out of a woman's body after a baby is born
v - to send a person or thing somewhere in order to do something
v -to suddenly become unconscious because not enough blood is going to your brain
adj - feeling unsteady and confused
n - used to describe the position of a baby within the mother in which when it is born, the baby's feet or bottom come out first
Care plan
n - a system of care agreed upon with the patient
n - the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system
n - a judgement or a decision, made after considering all the information connected with the situation
n - a shortening of the uterine muscles occurring at intervals before and during childbirth.
n - the action or condition of becoming or being made wider, larger, or more open.
n - a belief that something will happen because it seems likely - a strong belief about the way something should happen or how somebody should behave
n - an unborn off spring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception
n -the part of a hollow organ (such as the uterus or the gallbladder) that is farthest from the opening.
n - the position in which a baby is lying within the mother
n - a thin layer of skin or tissue that connects or covers organs or other parts inside the body
Morning sickness
n - the need to vomit that some women feel when they are pregnant, often only in the morning
n - the National Childbirth Trust, a UK charity supporting parents
n - main stress in the sentence
n - relating to childbirth and the processes associated with it
n - a small area of something that is different from the area around it
n - the large bony structure near the base of the spine to which the hind limbs or legs are attached in humans and many other vertebrates.
n - the flow of blood each month from the body of a woman who is not pregnant
n - the afterbirth
n - a condition in which a pregnant woman has high blood pressure, which can become serious if not treated
n - a friendly relationship in which people understand each other very well
n - keep (something) in place; hold fixed.
Small talk
n - polite conversation about ordinary or unimportant subjects, for example in order to make a patient feel relaxed
The Pill
- the contraceptive pill (= a pill that some women take to prevent them becoming pregnant)
n - the grip of a tire on a road or a wheel on a rail
n - a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound. It is used to see internal body structures such as tendons, muscles, joints, blood vessels, and internal organs
n - an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, especially when profuse.
v - recognize/show
v - push down as in pushing down an apple into water
Be expecting
v - to be pregnant
v -the process of carrying or being carried in the womb between conception and birth.
v - to burst or break apart something inside the body; to be broken or to burst apart
Try (for a baby)
v - to attempt to conceive
relating to the medical care given to pregnant women
adj - occurring not long before childbirth
adj - having been pregnant for the length of time mentioned
adj - (of a baby within the mother) lying in an upward or downward position rather than across the mother's body
Abnormal perception
n - a way of seeing or experiencing events that is not normal, especially when it is harmful or not wanted
n - emotions or feelings, especially when considering how this influences behaviour / the emotional state prevailing in a patient at a particular moment and in response to a particular event or situation
n - a normal and adaptive response to danger which is pathological if prolonged sever, or out of keeping with the real threat of the external situation. There are two types: psychic and somatic.
n - (a condition where there is) loss of coordination of voluntary movement
Baby blues
n - a depressed feeling that some women get after the birth of a baby
n - increased appetite and desire for food and / or excessive, impulsive eating of large quantities of usually high calorie food. It is a core symptom of bulimia nervosa and may also be seen in mania and some types of learning disability.
Clang association
n - an abnormality of speech where the connection between words is their sound rather than their meaning. It may occur during manic flights of ideas
Concrete thinking
n - the loss of the ability to understand abstract concepts and metaphorical ideas leading to a strictly literal form of understanding
Delusional mood
n - a delusional belief which is recalled as arising following a period when there is abnormal mood state characterized by anticipatory anxiety, a sense of 'something about to happen', and an increased sense of the significance of minor events. The development of the formed delusion may come as a relief to the patient in this situation.
Depressed mood
n - the core feature of depressive illness. Milder forms of depressed mood are part of human experience, but in its pathological form, it is a subjective experience, which patients describe variously, e.g. an unremitting and pervasive unhappiness; the loss of ability to experience the normal range of positive emotions; a sense of hopelessness and negative thoughts about themselves
n - the repetition of phrases or sentences spoken by the examiner. It occurs in schizophrenia and learning disability
n - a feeling of great happiness and excitement / a severe and prolonged elevation of mood. It is a feature of manic illnesses
n -a sustained and unwarranted cheerfulness. It is associated with manic states and organic impairment.
Goldfish bowl
n - an arrangement when the audience for a role-play surrounds the performers so they can see both participants in the role-play
n - a mental illness in which a person behaves in a very excited and active way and may also behave exaggerated beliefs about their abilities / A form of mood disorder initially characterized by elevated mood, insomnia, loss of appetite, increased libido, and grandiosity. More severe forms develop elation and grandiose delusions
Mental state examination
n - an interview between a doctor and a patient in order to judge the patient's present mental condition
n - the way you are feeling at a particular time / the subjective emotional state over a period of time.
Panic attack
n - paroxysmal, sever anxiety. It may occur in response to a particular stimulus or occur without apparent stimulus.
n - the experience of bodily symptoms with no, or insufficient, physical cause for them, with presumed psychological causation
Benefit from
v - to receive help or an advantage from something
Cope with
v - to deal successfully with something difficult
Depend on
to rely on somebody for help in order to do something
Get at
v - to keep criticizing somebody / to learn or discover something
Get down
v - to make somebody feel sad or depressed / to swallow or eat something, usually with difficulty
Get on
v - to have a friendly relationship with somebody / (get on somebody's nerves) to irritate or annoy somebody
Get over
v - to return to your usual state of health after an illness / to deal with or gain control of a problem or difficult situation