Ocean Zones/Lifestyles/Nature of Life 1/Photosynthesis Quiz Study Guide
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open water portion of the ocean
bottom of the ocean
area from low tide to the edge of the continental shelf
the deepest water in the open ocean
shore bottom that is splashed but not submerged in the benthic zone
marine organisms that swim
marine organisms that drift with the current, unable to swim against the currents of the ocean
marine organisms that live on or in the ocean floor
Epifauna and Epiflora
the organisms (fauna) and plants (flora) that live on top of the ocean floor
organisms that live in the mud and clay of the ocean floor
characteristics of life
Movement, Respiration, Sensitivity, Growth, Reproduction, waste release, Nutrition
Life requires energy to...
to accomplish work.
the conversion of carbohydrate into useable energy
create their own energy rich molecules used for life
performed in the absence of light.
Products of Photosynthesis
Carbohydrate (primary), Oxygen
Primary production in the ocean comes from...
Common elements found in life
H, C, N, O
Primary way that hydrogen and oxygen enter lifeforms
through water consumption
enzyme responsible for converting carbon dioxide allowing carbon to be fixed to other molecules
Life organizes matter into...
cells and energy
This system is light independent in photosynthesis
Coral bleaching occurs when
The coral animal expels algae living inside them because the calvin cycle is hindered by warm waters.
Rubisco is used during
the calvin cycle
Primary producers create saccharides
It takes more energy to create matter in a lifeform than that matter gives back.
Scientists classify marine environments
based on a series of physical factors.
Entropy states that life retains energy as it ages.
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food. Consumer
releases energy from energy rich compounds.
Production can fluctuate due to season, light availability, and based on geography.
Organisms exist in a low entropy state.
where the carbohydrates are created.
ATP and frees up 2 electrons for photosystem I
Effect of high temps on photosynthesis.
Hinders the Calvin cycle.
Effect of Paraquat on photosynthesis
Increased ATP production, but Photosystem I and the Calvin Cycle were hindered.
Effect of Diuron on photosynthesis
stops all electron transport by taking free electrons up immediately