AP Bio unit 1 Test

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14 Terms
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what is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules
organic contains carbon and inorganic does not
what are function groups
Hydroxyl, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino and phosphate groups.
Differentiate between dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis...give examples
Dehydration reactions assemble polymers, hydrolysis reactions break them apart. Hydrolysis is involved in the digestion of sucrose into its monomers of glucose and fructose
the function of the major polysaccharides
energy storage or structural support
the 3 elements found in carbohydrates and in was ratio
C6 carbon H12 hydrogen O6 oxygen
The covalent bond that links amino acids
peptide bond
The covalent bond that links monosaccharides
glycosidic bond
the function of each biomolecules
Carbohydrates- starch or glycogen (monosaccharides) Proteins- amino acids, break up into amino acids Lipids- fats, phospholipids, steroids Nucleic acids- nucleotides
difference between unsaturated and saturated fats .which is a fluid at room temp.
Their chemical structure contains one or more double bonds....Unsaturated fats are in liquid state at room temperature
characteristics of phospholipids, what part of the cell do they make up
Phospholipids contain hydrophobic and hydrophilic parts and found in cell membrane
structure of amino acids and their differences
they are in the R groups..they all have the same fundamental structure of each other but are on different sides
4 levels of protein structure & bonds found in each other
primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary.
describe how peptide bonds are formed
Hydrolysis of proteins results in amino acids. Different amino acids have different glycerol backbones or dehydration synthesis
2 differences between Dna and Rna
DNA- double-stranded RNA- single-stranded DNA- deoxyribose RNA- ribose