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Latitude & Longitude ES22-23

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Coordinate/ Latitude & Longitude System
2 numbers are assigned to a specific point on a surface Grid of circular lines that cover Earth *Often shown as a grid*
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Coordinate/ Latitude & Longitude System image
image
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Latitude
a measurement of angular distance north or south of the equator
Lines of Latitude are ___
horizontal (think FATitude)
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latitude lines run ___-___ and circle around the earth parallel to the ____
east, west, equator
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Equator
reference lines for latitude, located at 0┬░
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north pole is located at...
90┬░N
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south pole is located at...
90┬░S
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altitude of Polaris is the same as..
latitude in the Northern Hemisphere
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can the Southern Hemisphere see the North Star?
naur
north star=
polaris
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significant lines of Latitude
Equator
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Latitude degrees go up to...
90┬░
significance of Latitude
tells altitude of Polaris (Northern Hemisphere) & generally how cold/hot (proximity to equator)
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Longitude
a measurement of angular distance east or west of the Prime Meridian connect at the poles
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Meridians of longitude are __ and connect the ___ and ___ poles
vertical, north, south (think LONG)
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international dateline
line at 180┬░, you lose or gain a day when you pass it
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going west =
subtracting
going east =
adding (think of EAsTing adds weight)
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tropic of cancer
23┬░ N
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tropic of Capricorn
23┬░S
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Prime Meridian
reference line for Longitude, is 0┬░ (Greenwich, England)
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longitude goes up to... degrees
180
time zones
regions of the globe throughout the Earth which the same standard time is used
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local noon/solar noon/ midday
12 pm (when the sun is highest in the sky)
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how many time zones are there?
24 (360┬░/15=24)
the earth rotates ___┬░ per hour
15
sunset
6 pm
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sunrise
6 am
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significant lines of longitude
Prime Meridian & International Dateline
significance of Longitude
tells the time
knowing the local time and the time at the Prime Meridian tells the..
longitude
longitude & latitude can be divided into __ and __
minutes and seconds
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New York's latitude will always be in the __ range and always __
40s, North
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New York's longitude will always be in the __ range and always __
70s, West
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why are time zone lines not straight?
because of populated areas
Order that a point on the coordinate system is written
Latitude┬░Minutes'Seconds", Longitude┬░Minutes'Seconds"
solar time
time measured by Earth's rotation relative to the Sun
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knowing your longitude and the time at the Prime Meridian tells the..
local time
right=
east
left=
west
Never Eat Soggy Waffles
clockwise order of a compass rose
Polaris is overhead at the..
North Pole
Polaris is horizontal at the...
Equator
earth's revolution takes...
365 days
earth's rotation takes...
24 hours
image of how to find polaris' altitude
...
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image of how to find polaris' altitude
...
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in order to look for polaris, you need to look...
north