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26 Terms
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the area between two or more phenomena or things.
dentifies where specific phenomena are located either on a grid system or relative to another __________ .
refers to the specific human and physical characteristics of a location. A group of places in the same area that share a characteristic form a region.
have boundaries, unifying characteristics, cover space, and are created by people.
can be described as the characteristics at the immediate location—for example, the soil type, climate, labor force, and human structures.
refers to the location of a place relative to its surroundings and its connectivity to other places.
Sense of Place
Humans tend to perceive the characteristics of places in different ways based on their personal beliefs.
Place names (Provide insights into the physical geography, the history, or the culture of the location. )
Time-space Compression
The shrinking "time-distance," or relative distance, between locations because of improved methods of transportation and communication.
Spatial Interaction
refers to the contact, movement, and flow of things between locations. Connections might be physical, such as through roads. Or they can be through information, such as through radios or Internet service.
refers to the patterns and movement of ideas, people, products, and other phenomena.
Friction of Distance
indicates that when things are farther apart, they tend to be less connected
Distance Decay
The inverse relationship between distance and connection is a concept called Friction of Distance
Human-Environment Interaction
The connection and exchange between the dual relationship between humans and the natural world is at the heart of human geography.
Built Environment
The physical artifacts that humans have created and that form part of the landscape, in their understanding of land use. (Ex. Buildings, roads, signs, farms, and fences)
Cultural Landscape
Anything built by humans is part of the __________________ and is in the realm of land use.
Environmental Determinism
The belief that landforms and climate are the most powerful forces shaping human behavior and societal development while ignoring the influence
view that acknowledges limits on the effects of the natural environment and focuses more on the role that human culture plays.
Global Scale
The entire world (ex. Global Earth at night image • world population density map )
World Regional Scale
Multiple countries of the world (ex. North America • South Asia )
National Scale
One country (ex. the United States • Thailand )
National Region Scale
A portion of a country or a region(s) within a country (ex. the Midwest • eastern China )
Local Scale
A province, state, city, county, or neighborhood (ex. Tennessee • Moscow )
Formal (Uniform) Regions
and are united by one or more traits(Ex. • political, such as Brazil in South America • physical, such as the Sahara, a vast desert in northern Africa e cultural, such as southwestern Nigeria, an area where most people speak Yoruba • economic, such as the Gold Coast of Africa (Ghana), which exports gold)
Functional (Nodal) Regions
These regions are organized around a focal point and are defined by an activity, usually political, social, or economic, that occurs across the region.
Perceptual (Vernacular) Regions
they are defined by the informal sense of place that people ascribe to them.