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Civics Vocab Quiz 3

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20 Terms
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Constitution
A document which spells out the principles by which a government runs and the fundamental laws that govern a society
Bicameral
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Federalism
Government GOOD, constitution GOOD, no bill of rights, strong central government ; the federal principle or system of government
Ratify
to approve (constitution)
Executive Branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
Legislative Branch
the branch of government that makes the laws
Judicial Branch
the branch of government that interprets laws
Popular Sovereignty
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people.
Reserved Powers
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
Concurrent Powers
powers shared by the national and state governments
Civil Rights
the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law ; guarantees of equal social opportunities and protection under the law, regardless of race, religion, or other characteristics
Civil Liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens ; freedoms guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution ; natural rights which are inherent to each person
Libel
A WRITTEN defamation of a person's character, reputation, business, or property rights.
Slander
SPOKEN defamation of character
Double Jeopardy
Being tried twice for the same crime. This is prevented by the 5th Amendment
Due Process
fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement ; a requirement that legal matters be resolved according to established rules and principles, and that individuals be treated fairly
Eminent Domain
Power of a government to take private property for public use.
Suffrage
the right to vote
Discrimination
the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex
Segregation
Separation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences